The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 65
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The Expedition of Pdnfilo de Narvaez
arms, and with their mouths besmeared with maize porridge; which,
from fear of the Christians they had hidden in the thickets.8
Returning to the history and relation of these gentlemen
[hidalgos]: They said that after these people who went about in
hiding had gathered at the command of these few Christians;
these pilgrims told them they had called them for the captain of
the Spaniards they had met; who spoke to them and told them
that they should return to their houses and plant their fields as
they were accustomed to do, and that the Christians would not
harm them, nor molest them in any way, and desired only that
when the Christians passed by their houses, they should give them
food for themselves and their horses. This they gave them to
understand; and gave them permission so that they might return
in security to their pueblos. They did not wish to do this and
separate from the Christians, saying they had not served them well,
nor accompanied them, as they were bound to do.
In the end Cabeza de Vaca and his companions told them that
they might go in all honor, because they were going to where the
lord of these Christians was, that they might tell him to command
that they should not be persecuted nor molested. So the Indians
went in peace, and these Christians went with three horsemen, who
accompanied them to the town of Culuacan which had been founded
by Nufio de Guzman on the coast of the South Sea, to the west;
and which was a good thirty-five leagues or more from there. The
leader or captain of these Spanish people went toward the moun-
tains to make slaves.
When these Christians arrived at a settled valley, eight leagues
before reaching the town, the Alcalde Mayor of the town, called
Melchior Diaz, came to meet them, and received them very well,
and gave thanks to God for the miracles he had worked with these
"Oviedo: How seem to you, Christian reader, who contemplates this
passage, the different employments of those Spaniards who were in this
land, and those of the four pilgrims; the ones going about pillaging
and making slaves; the others healing the sick and working miracles;
from which may be gathered how large a part of these works depends
in the good or bad conduct and intentions of these same Christians.
By the number of deaths and condition of the living, you can guess
which seems right. But all who are here, and of those who go about
here, are not Spaniards, although the larger number of them are, but
they are of divers nations that are called Christian, who have come here
to seek this gold; and some of them find it, for their own evil, while
others find it not, but meet such agonies and death as you have learned
from this lesson.
Here’s what’s next.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/69/: accessed April 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.