The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 70
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
the voyage, and forty-two were landed on the mainland, very
thin and fatigued.4
Cabeza de Vaca adds that in a certain river Juan Velasquez
de Cuellar was drowned with his horse. The horse was eaten by
the hungry Spaniards.5
In this printed relation he says, speaking of the Province of
Apalache and its borders, that they found great forests full of
walnut trees, laurels, pitch pines, cedars, cypress, oaks, pines,
palmettos like those in Andalusia, corn fields, deer, and a certain
animal that carries its brood in a pouch." These I have seen,
and in the First Part of these Histories, in Book XII, Chapter
XXXII, is told what these animals are, which Cabeza de Vaca
pretends are called churches in the language of Cueva. He says
also that there are many birds, as geese, ducks, royal ducks, fly-
catchers, night-herons, partridges, pigeons, hawks, falcons, spar-
row-hawks and parrots of several kinds. The people are hand-
some, and are great archers. He names five Christians who ate
each other, and these are, Sierra, Diego Lopez, Corral, Palacios,
And Cabeza de Vaca says that certain people7 they saw, well
made, had a perforated breast, and sometimes the two breasts;
and wore thrust through this hole a piece of reed two fingers
thick and two and a half palms long; also they have the lower
lip perforated and adorned with a piece of reed.
He says that they bury their dead, but burn their physicians
to honor them. While they burn the other Indians dance, then
take the burned bones, grind them to powder, and make the
physicians' relatives drink them. These physicians enjoy very
great authority, and can have two or three wives, while the other
men have only one. In the year of marriage all that they hunt
or fish they give to the wife and the wife to her parents. Dur-
ing that year the wife's parents do not enter the husband's house,
nor the husband the house of his wife's parents, nor those of her
brothers, nor do they speak to each other; and if they pass each
'Bandelier, pp. 1-9.
5In the river identified as the Suwannee, which is not mentioned by
Oviedo in his narrative taken from the report to the Audiencia of Santo
Domingo. (Bandelier, p. 22.)
6Bandelier, pp. 26-28.
'The people of the island of Mal-Hao. Bandelier, p. 65.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/74/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.