The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925 Page: 74
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
arrows, which is found in some trees as big as apple trees, and
it is enough to rub the arrow's point with its fruit. When there
is no fruit they break a branch, and with its milky juice they
do the same. Some of these trees are so poisonous that it is
enough to mix the maceration of their leaves with water and let
the cattle or deer drink of it and to cause them to burst. The ref-
erence to poisonous apples is from what they heard, but I have
myself seen many of these trees, and somewhere in these writ-
ings I deal largely with the subject of arrow poisoning.e5
This last relation by Cabeza de Vaca says that all through that
land of the mountains they saw many samples of gold, lead, iron,
copper and other metals. I wish this topic was explained more
In the first relation given me by the Real Audiencia which is
contained in the preceding chapters, it appears that it came from
the harbor of Havana, in the Isle of Cuba, and in the relation
mentioned in this chapter it appears that Cabeza de Vaca passed
Havana and arrived at Lisbon on the 9th of August, 1537.
As it seems to me that men can not be found in the Indies
who have endured more hardships than these hidalgos, it is just
to make particular mention of their personal qualities, so I say
that one of them, the author of this second relation, is Alvar
Nufiez Cabeza de Vaca, son of Francisco de Vera, grandson of
Pedro de Vera, who was the principal captain when the Canary
Islands were conquered, and his mother is Dofia Teresa Cabeza
de Vaca, native of Xerez de la Frontera. The second is Alonso
del Castillo Maldonado, native of Salamanca, son of Doctor Cas-
tillo and Dofia Aldonza Maldonado. The third is Andres Do-
rantes, son of Pablo Dorantes, native of B6jar and a resident of
Gibraleon. The fourth is Estebanico, an Arab negro from Aza-
"Bandelier, p. 161.
""Throughout all that country, wherever it is mountainous, we saw
many signs of gold, antimony, iron, copper and other metals." (Bande-
lier, p. 166.)
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 28, July 1924 - April, 1925, periodical, 1925; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101087/m1/78/: accessed August 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.