The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 31, July 1927 - April, 1928 Page: 11
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Review of Worlk of Texas State Historical Association 11
point is the country of the pifion or pine nut, which is only found
in certain parts of northwest Texas and New IMiexico; and some
of which where reasonably near the path of Coronado, who men-
tions that according to the Indians, Cabeza had previously passed
through New Mexico. In the route suggested by them, from the
Colorado to the pinion region, those young students freely admit
that there are many points which do not coincide with the narra-
tive, and which they are unable to reconcile. They do succeed,
however, very effectively, in showing that the routes suggested by
Buckingham Smith and Bandelier, each different, are all utterly
This paper on Cabeza de Vaca seems to have attracted the at-
tention of Judge O. W. Williams of Fort Stockton, Texas, who
was quite familiar with the Pecos country; and in an article en-
titled "Route of Cabeza de Vaca in Texas," he concurs with
Brownie Ponton and Bates McFarland in their general conclusions
and fortifies them with additional arguments where they are un-
certain; taking the wanderers through the Edwards Plateau, cros-
sing the Pecos near the old pontoon bridge about forty miles
above its junction with the Rio Grande and reaching the latter
river, near the mouth of the Conchas River in Mexico, and below
Presidio del Norte. His arguments are based on his knowledge
of the topography and natural growth of this portion of the country
described by De Vaca (THE QUARTERLY, III, 54).
In the next issue of THE QUARTERLY, Judge Bethel Coopwood, a
distinguished lawyer and Spanish scholar of the lower Rio Grande
Valley, having long experience and observation in the Texas border-
lands, gives the subject, under the same title, a most exhaustive
and critical examination, published in three parts and appearing
in four successive issues (III, 108, 177, 229, IV, 1). He pre-
sents arguments in favor of St. Joseph's Island as Cabeza's Mal-
Hado; Pacacho in Duval county as the center of the prickly pear
range where Cabeza and his comrades left their Indian masters;
and a ford below the mouth of Beleno Creek in Zapata county as
the crossing of the Rio Bravo. The journey thence, as contended
by Coopwood, was on the Mexican side of the Rio Grande. Judge
Coopwood brings to bear a wealth of local lore in establishing the
range of buffalo, probable pecan groves, the extent of the prickly
pear region, and the range of mountains across the Rio Grande in
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 31, July 1927 - April, 1928, periodical, 1928; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101088/m1/17/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.