The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 31, July 1927 - April, 1928 Page: 262
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262 Southwesterin Historical Quarterly
been utilized in the modern settlement of Mesa, Arizona, in 1878
at an estimated saving of $20,000 in cost of excavation." The
chroniclers of Coronado's expedition refer to the cultivation of
cotton and corn by the Pueblo Indians of the Middle Rio Grande
Valley, New Mexico;4 Espejo, writing of his explorations of 1582-3,
speaks approvingly of the irrigation ditches supplying the pueblos
in the general region of Socorro and above, and refers to irrigation
by the inhabitants of Acoma "with many partitions of the water"
in a marsh two leagues from the pueblo ; Father Kino found the
Sobaipuris engaged in irrigation at their rancherias in the San
Pedro and Santa Cruz valleys and other tribes elsewhere in Ari-
zona, and relates the use of irrigation ditches in providing water
for preparing mortar for the foundations of the church at San
Xavier del Bac ; and other literature may be cited to support the
statement that irrigation was being practiced in a number of
localities in the Southwest before the coming of the white men.7
Less is known, unfortunately, about the irrigation institutions of
pp. 238-247; Hewett, Edgar L., "Prehistoric Irrigation in the Navaho
Desert," Records of the Past, Vol. IV, Part XI, November, 1905; Fewkes,
J. Walter, "A Preliminary Account of Archaeological Field Work in
Arizona in 1897," Annual Report of The Smithsonian Institution, 1897,
pp. 612-613, 622, and "Two Summers' Work in Pueblo Ruins," U. S.
Bureau of American Ethnology, Twenty-second Annual Report, Part I,
pp. 178-179; Wilson, Herbert M., "American Irrigation Engineering," U.
S. Geological Survey, Thirteenth Annual Report, Part III, pp. 133-135;
Bolton, Herbert E., "Kino's Historical Memoir of Pimerfa Alta," Vol. I,
'McClintock, James H., "Mormon Settlement in Arizona," pp. 213-214.
'Winship, George Parker, "Translation of the Relacion del Suceso,"
U. S. Bureau of American Ethnology, Fourteenth Annual Report, Part ],
pp. 569-570, 575.
"Bolton, Herbert E., "Spanish Exploration in the Southwest," pp. 178,
OBolton, Herbert E., "Kino's Historical Memoir of Pimerla Alta," Vol.
I, pp. 50-51, 236.
'Bandelier, A. F., "Final Report of Investigations among the Indians
of the Southwestern United States," Papers of the Archaeological Insti-
tute of America, American Series, III, Part I, pp. 31-34, 60, 104, 156-
157; Hinton, Richard J., "Irrigation in the United States," p. 15, in
Report of the Special Committee of the United States Senate on the
Irrigation and Reclamation of Arid Lands (1890); Blackmar, Frank W.,
"Spanish Institutions of the Southwest," p. 249; Follett, W. W., "A
Study of the Use of Water for Irrigation on the Rio Grande del Norte,"
pp. 54, 83, 86, and Harroun, P. E., "Present Condition of Irrigation and
WiArater Supply in New Mexico," pp. 36, 39, 40, both published in Senate
Document No. 229, 55th Congress, 2d Session; Yeo, Herbert W., Junior
Engineer, U. S. Reclamation Service, in unpublished manuscript report
on irrigation in the Middle Rio Grande Valley.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 31, July 1927 - April, 1928, periodical, 1928; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101088/m1/280/: accessed March 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.