The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 31, July 1927 - April, 1928 Page: 48
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
inhabitants. There are, however, some bad and rebellious men,
who must be expelled from the country.
I remain, etc.,
Stephen F. Austin,
San Felipe de Austin, December 4th, 1826.183
Gaines's position in the rebellion, in a sense, was only natural:
first, he was a squatter on Edwards's grant and naturally felt
vengeful toward him; and though he was not in love with the
Mexican government,'34 he probably thought he saw an opportu-
nity to redeem himself with the Mexican officials. The Fredonian
Rebellion of 1826 was soon quelled, and the Colonists were grate-
ful for peace, which was a source of satisfaction to Austin, as
evinced in his letter to Williams, March 4, 1827, commenting on
the critical situation which had been remedied.135 During the
quietude of the next several years, nothing is heard from Gaines,
who had probably become wiser from his experiences.
That Gaines had evidently decided that he could not locate on
the Brazos and that he should make the best of his situation and
remain at Nacogdoches for the time, at least, is shown by the
fact that on February 13, 1830, he applied to the General Com-
missioner for land. In his application he stated that his family
consisted of five persons, that he was an American, had emigrated
to Texas in 1812, had made extensive improvements, and wished
simply to reside as an honorable and industrious citizen of the
Mexican Government.136 However, Gaines's ideas of permanency
in residence to be accomplished by a proper governmental situation,
was evidently only dormant, as Colonel Gray found him seeking
election to the Convention at Washington March 1, and advocating
independence from Mexico.'37
On May 19, 1837, President Houston nominated Gaines for the
position of revenue collector for the port of Gaines Ferry on the
Sabine. The nomination was accompanied by the suggestion that
because of the extent of the territory the collector should be per-
m'Barker, The Austin Papers, 1, 1528, as cited.
18 Gray, Diary, January 28, 1836. This entry is quoted on one of the
1 'Barker, The Acstin Papers, I, 1610-1611.
8"General Land Office of Texas.
mGray, Diary, January 28, 1836.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 31, July 1927 - April, 1928, periodical, 1928; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101088/m1/54/: accessed December 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.