The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 31, July 1927 - April, 1928 Page: 85
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Notes and Fragments
elected, three of the Southern States, South Carolina, Florida, and
Louisiana, were still under carpetbag-military rule, without a
semblance of normal state government, and the other Southern
States lived in dread of congressional action which might restore
the hated system within their own borders. Within less than two
months President Hayes, disregarding the advice and criticism
of the professional politicians, had withdrawn the United States
troops from the Southern capitals, and had thus restored con-
stitutional government over the entire republic.
Hayes knew that the South could be trusted to resume its old
relationship to the national government. How did he know it?
His old friend of college days told him so, and he trusted Bryan
just as he had done at Kenyon, though years of war and diver-
gent interests has separated them. He believed in the South be-
cause he believed what Guy M. Bryan told him of the South, and
he could trust the individual Southerner because from his youth
up he had given utter trust to the Southerner whom he knew and
To return to the case of Hayes and Bryan. If one of you were
to enter a French or Italian university and should make a friend
who because of the noble traits, he saw in you should come to
admire and respect and trust America, that would be analogous to
the service that Bryan rendered the Southern States during his
stay at Kenyon. Because he trusted the society which had pro-
duced a man like Bryan, because he could trust not only Bryan's
veracity as to conditions in the South but his judgment and good
sense in interpreting them, Hayes felt he could trust the white
leaders in the South, and withdrew the Federal troops. Are you
the kind of man that after twenty-five years of separation and a
fratricidal war your friend could so utterly trust and believe in?
It is said that one cannot lay an indictment against a whole
nation, but Hayes believed in a whole nation, that is to say, in
the Southern States, and the determining factor was his respect
for Guy M. Bryan, his Southern friend.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 31, July 1927 - April, 1928, periodical, 1928; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101088/m1/91/: accessed July 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.