The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929 Page: 96
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Southwestern, Historical Quarterly
the Protection of German Immigrants in Texas (Verein zum
Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas). Having first become
interested in Texas in 1842, this society in 1844 definitely em-
barked on a program of directing German emigration to Texas.
It acquired two colonization contracts, one from Alexander Bour-
geois d'Orvanne and Armand Ducos in 1843, the other from HIenry
Francis Fisher and Burchard Miller in 1844. The Bourgeois-
Ducos contract, however, expired before the society could make use
of any of its provisions, while the Fisher and Miller grant was
so far in the interior of Texas that it was not very accessible.
New Braunfels and Fredericksburg, the two principal settlements
made by the society, were both established on land not included
in the Fisher and Miller grant. One of the greatest achievements
of the early settlers in Western Texas was a treaty by which the
Comanche Indians allowed them to settle in the grant, a tract of
over three million acres. Both before and after the society was
dissolved other settlements were founded in Western Texas, but it
is doubtful if these would have been made had not the society
carried on its pioneer work in that part of the state.
The German settlers contributed their share to the political,
economic, and social life of Texas. In politics they sided with
the Democratic party. Most of them engaged in agriculture, but
a few of them were skilled artisans and their products had a ready
market. They were interested in education, looked after their
religious needs, and founded societies for promoting good fellow-
ship, as well as for literary and political purposes. Besides the
singing society, they used the newspaper as an agent of cultural
development and published five newspapers in the German language
in the period covered by this study.
In preparation for the writing of this thesis many books and
pamphlets, both contemporary with the period and of subsequent
publication, were used. Material from newspapers published in
Germany is presented to show how the people there felt about
emigrating to Texas and founding a new home in that distant
land. Numerous excerpts from newspapers published in Texas,
both in the German and English languages, are given to show
how the German settlers felt in their new home and how they
were regarded by their American neighbors. Finally, a large
amount of hitherto unused manuscript material in the archives
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929, periodical, 1929; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101089/m1/100/: accessed April 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.