The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929 Page: 190
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
come to an end, and that down the river there are people who do
not plant, but live wholly by hunting.""1
Jaramillo: . . . "on Saint Peter and Paul's day we reached
a river which we found to be there below Quibira. . . . We
crossed it there and went up the other side on the north, the direc-
tion being towards the northeast."25
"The country is level as far as Quivira" indicates that Quivira
was on the edge of the Llano Estacado.
Apparently Coronado marched north or northeast from the
ravines (Palo Duro Cafion). Only one river is mentioned as being
crossed, that "below Quivira." This can be none other than the
Canadian. If Coronado had gone to the Arkansas, he would have
crossed the Canadian, the North Canadian and the Cimarron, an
experience which I believe no explorer would have forgotten.
The March to Quivira
With the principal landmarks located I now give a sketch of
the route. It must be remembered that the Turk hoped to get
the expedition lost and then let hunger and thirst take their toll.
This object could not be better accomplished than by leading the
Spaniards out into the southern part of the Llano Estacado, a bar-
ren region without water, except in the occasional salt lakes; a
desert at that time.
Leaving Pecos (Cicuye) in western San Miguel County, New
Mexico, the expedition proceeded down the west side of the Rio
Pecos for three or four days. North of Santa Rosa, in Guadalupe
County, the course of the Rio Pecos turns more to the south, but
still flows in a southeasterly direction. In the vicinity of Santa
Rosa the bridge was built.
An arm of the Llano Estacado extends towards this area and
it is the divide between the Canadian and the Pecos. This forms
the most direct and convenient road to the plains from Pecos.
Crossing the river the expedition made its way to the Llano
Estacado, passed through Quay County and northern Curry
County, New Mexico, and into Parmer County, Texas, thence
across Castro County and Swisher County to the ravines, already
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929, periodical, 1929; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101089/m1/194/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.