The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929 Page: 191
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The Route of the Coronado, Expedition in Texas
identified as Palo Duro Cafion and its tributaries, of which Tule
Cafion is the largest, in Briscoe, Swisher, Armstrong, and Randall
In Palo Duro Cafion, or in one or more of its several branches,
the army camped, and explored the surrounding country. Here
Coronado selected 30 horsemen (and six men on foot?) and set
out for Quivira.
Jaramillo says Coronado marched to the north;26 the Relaci6n
del Suceso says the course was "by the needle" ;27 and Castafieda
states that a detour was made towards Florida.28 Traveling north
or northeast across Armstrong and Carson Counties and into
Hutchinson County or Potter County the river "below Quivira"
was reached on Saint Peter and Paul's Day.
Jaramillo states that after reaching the river "below Quivira,"
Coronado followed up the north bank towards the northeast to the
settlements.29 In Potter, Hutchinson, and Roberts Counties the
Canadian flows in a northeasterly direction.
Here, then, was Quivira, on the Canadian River near the north-
eastern border of the Llano Estacado in the counties of Hutchin-
son and Roberts, in the Texas Panhandle.
The return journey was made by way of the river crossing, where
Coronado turned west and followed along the Canadian, keeping
up out of the rough lands, on the edge of the plains, passing the
Querecho village where the Turk first led him astray, and thence
on into Cicuye.30 This road is through Potter, Oldham, and Deaf
Smith Counties, Texas, into Quay County, New Mexico, where at
the edge of the plains it joined the outward path.
Return of the Army
We have left the army under Tristan de Arrellano in camp in
Palo Duro Cafion. After Coronado's departure the army obtained
Teya guides to lead the way by the most direct practical route to
Cicuye. As water and food were the practical considerations the
army marched south of west to the Rio Pecos, striking it at about
"IObid., 591, 592. Narrative of Jaramillo.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929, periodical, 1929; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101089/m1/196/: accessed September 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.