The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929 Page: 194
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
tion of slavery and the slave-trade there. In July, 1842, a "person
connected with the British government" approached Smith with
the suggestion that Texas be divided along the line of the Colorado
river into two states, one slave and one free. Into the latter, it
was claimed, would flock a population from Europe, which would
soon crush out slavery altogether.?
These early projects were part of the general plan of the English
abolitionists to accomplish the abolition of slavery in Texas, in the
United States, and elsewhere. Co-operating with them were the
abolitionists of the United States, whose zeal was aroused, accord-
ing to Smith, by English agents and English means.8 He stated
that he knew upon "indisputable evidence," that most of the aboli-
tion leaders of New England, New York, and the Western States
were in the regular pay of the English Anti-Slavery Society.9
English abolition agitation with reference to Texas reached its
climax in 1843. In July of this year the general convention of
the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society met at London.10
Here were gathered abolitionists of England and America, and
notable among the latter were Louis Tappan of New York, editor
of the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Reporter, and Stephen
Pearl Andrews of Massachusetts, recently a resident of Houston,
Texas. These men represented themselves as the accredited agents
of Texas, and Andrews reported that Houston and other leading
men of the Republic were in sympathy with the aboltion cause."
Various plans were submitted to the convention for effecting
abolition in Texas, an object it was resolved to spare no efforts to
accomplish, as this was to be the "entering wedge" in the ac-
complishment of the larger task, abolition in the United States.
One plan was a loan to Texas by abolitionists themselves for
emancipation with compensation to owners; another was for Texas
to attain the same end by the sale of her public lands; a third was
to introduce into the country a population that would "vote down
8Smith to Bee, October 17, 1843; letter press document.
"Smith to "My dear Doctor," May 30, 1851; autograph document, un-
finished and unsigned.
"Adams, British Interests and Activities in Texas, 1838-1846, 137.
"Smith to Jones, July 2, 1843. Garrison, Diplomatic Correspondence
of Texas, III, 1099-1103 in American Historical Association Report for
1908, II; also Adams, J. Q., Memoirs, XI, 379-80.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929, periodical, 1929; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101089/m1/199/: accessed July 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.