The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929 Page: 195
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English Abolitionism and the Annexation of Texas 195
slavery."12 The first plan was adopted, although some of the
Friends were strongly opposed, as it seemed to involve them in
slave-dealing.13 Leading members of the convention had had in-
terviews with Brougham and Morpeth, who were avowed abolition-
ists; and a special committee, made up of British subjects and
others, among them Tappan and Andrews, and designated by
Aberdeen the "Tappan Committee," had waited upon the Foreign
Secretary to request that the British government guarantee the
loan.14 This committee reported upon the floor of the convention
that Lord Aberdeen had assured them that the government "would
employ all legitimate means to attain so great and desirable an
object as abolition in Texas,"'5 and a member of the committee
told Smith that Lord Aberdeen "made observations which war-
ranted them in saying that the British Government would guar-
antee, if necessary, the interest of a loan which should be raised
and applied to the abolition of slavery in Texas, but not . .
for any other purpose whatever."-" Relying upon this, and upon
vague hints of Brougham, Morpeth, and others, the abolitionists
were to urge emancipation upon Texas, offering as an inducement
that immediately a large emigration from England would flock
to the new Republic to develop its resources and to give value to
its uncultivated lands.17
Smith had learned from Cresson, president of the American
Colonization Society, that the abolitionists intended to have "a
grand explosion . .. at which the United States are to be
especially assailed.""' Through William Clark, editor of the Lon-
don Morning Herald, he secured a card of admission to the meet-
12Smith to Jones, July 2, 1843. Garrison, Diploma;tic Correspondence
of Texas, III, 1099-1103 in American Historical Association Report for
"Smith, "Official Correspondence and Memorandums."
"'Smith to Jones, July 31, 1843. Garrison, Diplomatic Correspondence
of Texas, III, 116-9 in American Historical Association Report for
"Smith to Jones, July 2, 1843, and Smith to Everett, October 31,
1843. Garrison, Diplomatic Correspondence of Texas, III, 1099-1103;
1145-6 in American Historical Association Report for 1908, II.
"Ibid.; also Smith to Daingerfield, June 28, 1843. Garrison, Diplo-
matic Correspondence of Texas, III, 1098-9 in American Historical Asso-
ciation Report for 1908, II.
"Smith to Calhoun, June 19, 1843; letter press document.
"Cresson to Smith, July 17 .
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929, periodical, 1929; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101089/m1/200/: accessed January 16, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.