The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929 Page: 205
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English Abolitionism and the Annexation of Texas 205
Calhoun laid the annexation treaty before the Senate on April
19, 1844, and with it, Aberdeen's letter of December 26, and his
own reply. The last was regarded as a defense of slavery by the
Whig Senate, and the treaty was rejected June 8, 1844.81 The
mandate of the American people on the subject of annexation was
expressed in the election of Polk. English abolitionism had ac-
complished the thing it sought to prevent, and Ashbel Smith did
more, perhaps, than any other individual to hasten the denoue-
ment. The letter of January 25, 1843, Van Zandt wrote, "was of
great service to me with the very individuals whom I wished and
had been trying to arouse. . . . Southern gentlemen are be-
ginning to be on the alert and should nothing be done before the
meeting of the next Congress I think that they will come pre-
pared to say to Mr. Tyler he must take a decided action in the
matter."82 We have Bee's statement that Calhoun said it was
Smith's able communications that effected the move.83
slCalhoun to Pakenham, April 18, 1844. Crall (ed.), Reports and
Public Letters of John C. Calkoun, V, 333-9; also Niles' Register, May
"Van Zandt to Smith, May 3, 1843.
"Bee to Smith, August 4, 1843, and September 1, 1845.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929, periodical, 1929; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101089/m1/210/: accessed October 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.