The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930 Page: 300
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300 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
exequatur and requested instructions, laws and harbor regula-
Whether Willis ever received an exequatur is not known, but it
is probable that he did, inasmuch as there was no other appoint-
ment made for a consul at Marseilles until 1842. In the spring
of that year a commission as consul at Marseilles was sent to Louis
Grousset, but it was lost and another was forwarded January 19,
1843.6 Upon its arrival, Ashbel Smith made application for the
exequatur for Grousset April 3, 1843.7
The Havre Consulate. The consulate at Havre was established
on December 23, 1839, when Edward Peravay was made consul.8
It is apparent that Peravay's jurisdiction was extended to cover a
much larger territory some time in 1842 or 1843. In 1842, he
appointed as vice-consul for Havre M. C. Banais,9 and in another
unsigned undated letter Smith was requested to secure exequaturs
for two vice-consuls appointed by Peravay. In 1843 he appointed
Alfred Baudin vice-consul for Havre.'1 His letter written on that
occasion is significant of the centralized system of government
control in France. He wrote:
S. . agreeably with the authority you gave, I have nomi-
nated Mr. Alfred Baudin Vice-Consul of the Republic of Texas
for Havre. . . . I suppose as a matter of course that having
as you told me, the power to appoint a Vice-Consul, I shall have
the power to discharge him whenever I should think it necessary.
I am willing to assume all the responsibility of my con-
sular acts; and therefore I must have a full check upon my Vice-
The correspondence indicates that Peravay retained his office
as consul for Havre so long as Texas maintained her existence as a
nation. The following extract from a letter written a short while
'Willis to Secretary of State, December 30, 1839, Letter Book II, 309,
Archives, State Library.
eJones to Smith, Garrison, Diplomcatic Correspondence of the Republic
of Texas, III, 1080, in Am. Hist. Assn. Report, 1908, II.
7Smith to Guizot, April 3, 1843, Smith Papers, 1843.
"Winkler [ed.], Secret Journals of the Senate, December 23, 1839, in
Texas Library and Historical Commission Report, 1909-1910, I, 167. The
name is spelled Paravay wherever found elsewhere.
'Unsigned, undated document to Smith, Smith Papers, 1842.
'Peravay to Smith, October 19, 1843, Smith Papers, 1843.
"'Peravay to Smith, April 11, 1843, Smith Papers, 1843.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930, periodical, 1930; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101090/m1/326/: accessed November 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.