The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930 Page: 42
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
animals (buffaloes) which have hitherto darkened the surface of
the great prairies on the west of the 'Father of Waters' are fast
wasting away under the fierce assaults made upon them by the
white men as well as the savages."32
When the nomadic Indians saw that their game supply was being
diminished by the wanton slaughter of the whites, they became
greatly alarmed. On almost every occasion when they met the
government commissioners to arrange new treaties, the chiefs
pleaded for the preservation of their game supply. They insisted
that they were more than desirous of peace if they were allowed
to roam over the prairies and hunt.33 They said that they did not
care to learn how to "walk in the white man's road," but that they
wished to be allowed to follow the buffaloes from place to place
and live as they had always lived. When these entreaties met with
no favorable response, the distracted Indians resorted to war.34
The reservations were the beginning of the end of their old life."
When the great region formerly the hunting grounds of the red
men was opened to the emigrants, the disconsolate savages could
see "the handwriting on the wall."
When this time came, one of the most remarkable periods of
Western history had dawned. The projection of railways across
the great plains of this country brought thousands of white hunters,
with their great buffalo guns, in parties large and small, each bent
on one purpose: the slaughter of the vast herds in the Southwest.
This region never passed through a more colorful era than this
period of remarkable adventure and romance. The mighty thunder
of stampeding herds of bisons; the sharp report of the long-range
rifles; the bellow of the dying animals; the rumble of the capacious
wagons piled high with buffalo hides on their way to market, all
82R. B. Marcy, Thirty Years of Army Life on the Border, 338.
83Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1869, p. 393.
"General W. T. Sherman contended that the destruction of the buffalo
was the principal cause of the Indian wars and that no permanent settle-
ment of the Indian problem could be effected until these animals were gone.
See Memoirs of General TV. T. Sherman, II, 413-414.
8'When the savages were put on reservations, the government then intro-
duced its "feeding policy." This consisted in making annuity gifts to the
Indians with which to purchase food, and under the supervision of officers
of the army, provisions and supplies were sold them, often at excessive
prices. For provisions of the treaty of Medicine Lodge, where this policy
is reflected, see C. J. Kappler, Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties, II, 977.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930, periodical, 1930; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101090/m1/50/: accessed June 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.