The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930 Page: 52
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
party at Taos to trade among the Indians, but, unfortunately, on
the Huerfano some Cuampes and Cayguas (Kiowas) robbed the
party of their horses. While waiting to recover his animals, lie
fell in with two Anglo-Americans, Don Julio (Julius de Mun)
and Sot6 (Chouteau), who were trading in that region. About
the time these foreigners were arrested and taken to Santa Fe,"
Hernandez himself was captured by some Pawnee and carried off
to the Missouri River. In January, 1818, he escaped, but en-
countering some Orejones and Panilori Indians,7 was again re-
turned to his former captivity. While there, an American gen-
eral, called Pajato, came to the Pawnee village to incite the In-
dian tribes, aided by Americans, to attack the Spanish in New
Mexico. According to the plans made, the allies were to meet,
at the falling of the leaves, at La Agua Gerbidora8 (Manitou
Springs, Colorado), under a Caygua leader called La Estrella.
Hernandez, sensing an opportunity to escape, promptly persuaded
the Indians to let him guide them, and on the present South
Platte, near the foothills, succeeded in fleeing to give warning
to his people in New Mexico."
Hernandez' reports were sufficient to arouse Melgares to ener-
getic steps in defense of the province. He sent Lieutenant Jos6
Maria de Arce to reconnoitre La Agua Gerbidora, posted a di-
vision of seven hundred men under Arce's command at Taos, and
stationed another detachment of four hundred men with two
pieces of artillery under Captain Don Andres Safiudo to guard
the crossing of the Pecos River. He then reported the news and
his measures to Conde, the Commandante-General, asking further
ODe Mun's account of this affair is in Annals of Congress, 15th Congress,
1st Session, Vol. 2, 1818, pp. 1960-1966.
7In his letter referred to below, Melgares stated that these lived between
the Missouri River and the Sierras.
'La Agua Gerbidora, or Herbiendo, as it is frequently spelled, or "Boiling
Water," is doubtless the springs known today as Manitou Springs, at the
headwaters of present Fountain Creek. The French called this stream
"Fountaine que Bouille." Arce sent a detachment to reconnoiter this spot;
see note 9 concerning Arce below.
"The Declaration of Hernandez in Providencias . . . sobre . . . Nuevo
Mexico, ff. 140-146; in Estado de Mexico, Legajo 13, A. G. I. Seville is the
diary of Jos6 Maria de Arce sent to investigate Hernandez' account. Both
are translated by the writer in The New Mexico Historical Review, IV, pp.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930, periodical, 1930; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101090/m1/60/: accessed September 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.