The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930 Page: 53
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An Anonymous Description of New Mexico, 1818
troops.0 Conde, however, reassured the governor that the dan-
ger from the Americans was not imminent, as the time was too
short for the Indians to assemble at La Agua Gerbidora and
furthermore, recent news from Fatio showed that the American
government itself knew nothing of the affair.11 However, Vena-
dito, when he learned of these new developments,2 promptly
warned Conde that while he was probably right in believing that
the accounts of Hernandez were exaggerated, yet the presence of
strangers among the tribes was a menace to New Mexico, for
they supplied the Indians with arms to make war upon the Span-
iards. Accordingly, he believed it of the greatest importance
that Melgares, after concluding the campaign against the Navajo,
should proceed against the Pawnee, and all other tribes harbor-
ing strangers and force them to sue for peace.1"
In the meantime, Melgares, having received the order to rec-
onnoitre the Yellowstone,14 had sent out Charvet with fifteen
horsemen.1" On the first of the following April (1819), the gov-
ernor informed Cordero, Commandante-General ad interim, that
the investigation showed the junction of the Yellowstone and the
Missouri Rivers to be about three hundred leagues from Santa Fe
and about two hundred and forty from the headwaters of the Rio
Grande and the intentions of the Americans probably to take
away the trade the English had there with the Indians. The lat-
ter, he learned, had a little fort about forty leagues distant on
the Rio la Columbier (Columbia?) to the west of the Yellow-
IMelgares to Conde, Senta Fe, 6 de Septiembre de 1818. Providencias
. . . sobre . . . Nuevo Mexico, if. 147-148.
"Conde to the Sefior Gobernador Interino de Nuevo Mexico, Durango,
22 de Septiembre de 1818. Providencias . . . sobre . . . Nuevo Mexico,
12Conde to the viceroy, D)urango, 23 de Septiembre de 1818. Providencias
. sobre . . . Nuevo Mexico, ff. 153-156.
18Venadito to the S. Comte GI de las Provs Internas de Occidente, Mexico,
29 de Octubre de 1818. Providencias . . . sobre . . . Nuevo Mexico,
"~Conde to Sor. Gobernador interino del Nuevo Mexico, Durango, 14 de
Mayo de 1819. Junio de 1819. Providencias . . . sobre . . . Nuevo
Mexico, ff. 186.
"Venadito to the First Secretary of State, Mexico, September 30, 1819.
Estado de Mexico, Legajo 14, A. G. 1., Seville. This letter is translated in
the West Texas Historical Association Year Book, Vol. IV. June, 1928
(Abilene, Texas), pp. 8-15, A. B. Thomas, "The Yellowstone, James Long
and Spanish Reaction to American Intrusions, 1818-1819."
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930, periodical, 1930; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101090/m1/61/: accessed June 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.