The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930 Page: 56
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
ernor's report, took occasion to ask for twelve quintals of shot to
replenish his scanty supplies in anticipation of an invasion. The
viceroy, too, viewing the matter differently and suspecting an at-
tack inspired by the North Americans who had gone to the Yel-
lowstone, ordered Melgares immediately to fortify El Vado, Ojo
Caliente, and the Plaza of San Fernando, the three points the
latter had earlier suggested. Furthermore, Venadito directed the
expeditionary infantry regiment of Zamora to unite with the regi-
ment of the Ynfante Don Carlos and await orders at San Luis.
He next despatched to Conde, extensive military equipment, guns,
pistols, and swords from New Galicia and Zacatecas, and sent
him an artillery officer with a party of twelve well-trained artil-
lerymen. With these men, his best troops, cavalry and militia of
all available arms, Venadito required of Conde all measures nec-
essary to destroy any unruly ones who attempted to invade the
province of New Mexico. However, at this very moment, Long
had occupied Nacogodoches in eastern Texas, and these forces,
and others at Arredondo's command there, destroyed the tiny re-
public the Americans had set up in this Spanish outpost.24
The fort at Sangre de Cristo was abandoned shortly according
to Jacob Fowler who camped on its ruins in February, 1822, and
noted that it had been occupied about a year before.25 Fhurther,
the success of the Mexican revolution in 1821-1822 ended Spanish
interests on this border and the rise of the Santa Fe trade both
passed on the problem of protection in that quarter to the Mexi-
can government, and gave a new turn to the history of the north-
Viewed broadly, the Notes of the unknown traveler, Melgares
Report, and the accompanying correspondence add both to the
history of the Spanish-American conflict of 1818 and to the his-
tory of New Mexico's northern border. Unquestionably whether
these Notes were made by an official observer for some govern-
ment or simply by one intent upon trade with the province, they
reveal a lively interest in a New Mexico free from Spain. To
the study of the Santa Fe Trail these various incidents provide
4Venadito to Conde, Mexico, 26 de Noviembre de 1819. Noviembre de
1819. Providencias . . . sobre . . . Nuevo Mexico, ff. 228-229.
2"See Melgares Report, translated below, and notes accompanying.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930, periodical, 1930; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101090/m1/64/: accessed July 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.