The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930 Page: 58
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
drills the militia every day, and also exercises them in artillery
Troops of the Line. The only troops of the line that there
are in the province consist in one company of one hundred and
twenty-four men allocated in different parts. These troops are
badly uniformed and still more badly paid. They are supposed
to receive three dollars per month but for several years have re-
ceived only one and (that) often very much in arrears. It is
the same in all the Provincias Internas. These troops are then
accordingly ill-disposed. However, a very little would gratify
them and they would certainly do their duty.
The people are generally poor, having neither industry nor
commerce. The little foreign merchandise which is found in the
country comes principally30 from the province of Sonora, where
the English introduced it in contraband by way of the Gulf of
California. This business is in some manner tolerated. The
smugglers captured are only condemned to pay double duty
(alcabala). It comes also from Chihuahua, now the residence
of the Governor General of the Provincias Internas, whence the
merchants obtain it through the more usual but very costly routes
from Vera Cruz, crossing Old Mexico. But this commerce is
diminishing every day, not being able to sustain itself concur-
rently with the illicit commerce of Sonora. They also have some
(trade) with the savages who live throughout the mountains on
the waters of California, and also with those who live to the east
of the mountains on the waters of the Arkansas. But as there
can only be procured with a great deal of trouble, the articles of
merchandise necessary to the savages, and because they have only
a very small market for the furs which they receive in exchange,
it follows that this commerce is unimportant. These savages who
are envying the fortune of their neighbors on the north and east,
who have frequent communication with the English and Ameri-
cans, are doing everything possible to allure the traders of these
two nations to themselves. They could accordingly at the insti-
gation of one or the other of these peoples, or better, by some of
20Don Pedro de Allande was governor of New Mexico from 1816 to 1818.
The governor's name in the translation is misspelled as in the Notes; the
Spanish account spells his name correctly.
"The French states that the merchandise came principally (principale-
ment) from Sonora; the Spanish translation has probably (probablemente).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930, periodical, 1930; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101090/m1/66/: accessed May 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.