The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930 Page: 59
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An Anonymous Description of New Mexico, 1818
their traders become very dangerous enemies for Spain and cer-
tainly in case of war with Spain, America will not neglect a
means, which in augmenting her commerce, would likewise
greatly disturb the Spanish frontiers, and which could, if well
directed,1- ruin a part of those provinces, or assure their con-
quest. It would, then, be prudent for the Spanish government
to search for means of furnishing these nations with the things
which have become absolutely necessary to them. For there is
no doubt that in the hands of one or the other governments,
these savages would become either important means of defense or
an important means of attack.
The principal wealth of the inhabitants of this Province is the
herds of bulls, cows, horses, and mules, but principally sheep, for
which the country and the climate appear very favorable. They
manufacture with the wool some very good blankets, a kind o
very ordinary cloth, and some stockings.
Aspect of the Country and Mines. The country is generally
mountainous, watered by a large number of very pretty rivers,
all of which empty into the Rio del Norte. One finds there very
fine appearing uplands of excellent soil, and beautiful plains
along the rivers, principally along that of the del Norte.
There is absolutely no doubt but that this Province is rich in
silver mines. Some of this precious mineral has been found in
different parts. However, no mine has ever been worked there
except one of copper, not far from Taos which was exploited some
years ago by a private individual who himself manufactured this
metal into kitchen utensils, but after some years, the demand
for these objects, having diminished, and not finding any other
market he abandoned this mine which has not been worked since.
The few objects of this class, which are still found in the country
came from this mine.32
The iron which is used in the country comes from Chihuahua
but I have not been able to learn where that town acquires it. It
comes at a price so exorbitant that if the commerce were open,
it could be procured from St. Louis on the Mississippi more
81The Spanish translator omitted the phrase "meme bien diriger."
82Bancroft, Arizona and New Mexico, pp. 301-304, has further interesting
details concerning stock, agriculture, and mining between 1800-1822, but
mentions no copper mine near Taos.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930, periodical, 1930; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101090/m1/67/: accessed June 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.