The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930 Page: 62
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
same nation and speak the same language. The Comanches have
made themselves so redoubtable to the Spaniards that the governors
of the different provinces of the frontiers have found it necessary
to treat separately with them. Often they are at war with one
province and at peace with another; and returning, loaded with
spoil, from massacring and pillaging the frontiers of one province,
driving before them the horses and frequently even prisoners whom
they have made, they come into another to receive presents, taking
only the precaution of leaving a part of the spoil, above all the
prisoners, at some distance from the establishments.
Mountains. The mountains which divide the waters of the Rio
del Norte from these of the Mississippi and form the eastern
boundary of New Mexico are only a spur of the great chain of
the Cordilleras prolonged, to which the Americans have given the
name of Roky Mountains." This spur becomes lower towards the
province of Texas. From the Huerfano as far as the Arkansas
River these mountains are called the Sierra Mojada,"8' and from
the Arkansas River towards the north, Sierra del Almagre.3r These
are a mass of piled up rocks rising to peaks3s and separated by
'deep ravines. One can cross them into the province only at three
points. To the north through the Pass of Sangre de Cristo,39 going
up the Rio Huerfano, one of the branches of the Arkansas, and
following a comparatively easy footpath as far as the summit of
the mountain and descending to the west in the ravine formed by
the little stream of the Sangre de Cristo which gives its name to
This pass may be thirty miles from the foot of the mountain
on the east to the Rilito de los Indios, into which the Sangre de
Cristo enters.40 With little work it could be made practicable for
3"The French has "Roky" for "Rocky"; the Spanish translation, "Rochy."
8"Sierra Mojada, or Wet Mountains, ,as this range is now known in the
area here described.
"This statement refers to the mountains now known as the Front Range,
particularly between the Arkansas and the northern part of present Colo-
rado. Sierra Almagre had been applied to this range some time between
1727 and 1776.
"sThe Spanish translator omitted "s'elevant en pics," doubtless because
he could not decipher "pics," which appears as "pies" in the execrable
writing at this point.
"The route over the familiar Sangre de Cristo Pass is hei e described.
"This description indicates that the Sangre de Cristo here is the present
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930, periodical, 1930; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101090/m1/70/: accessed June 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.