The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930 Page: 66
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Besides, they are almost always commanded by some ignorant
under-officers and composed in very large part of a badly armed
militia.45 It would be very easy, accordingly, either to avoid them,
take possession of the pass, and cut off their retreat, or to vanquish
them and not give them time to stop in the pass to fortify them-
selves there while waiting for the rest of the army. One can with
good horses go from St. Louis to Taos in thirty-five or forty days.
From the Arkansas River, the road, following the course of the
river,"4 is also good and the shortest. From the mountains, taking
the pass of La Sangre de Cristo, that is to say from the river of
La Trinchera, to Taos there are about one hundred miles; from
Taos to Santa Fe, about eighty miles.
I consider New Mexico, in its present position, as one of the
most vulnerable points of the Provincias Internas, and because of
the facility of communication by land with the United States,
because of the ease of fortifying and maintaining it, as one of the
most advantageous for the Insurgents, if they succeed in taking
possession of it.
It is a copy (rubric)
Note. The translation which was made from this paper is in
the file which was formed concerning fortifying various points of
the Sierra of New Mexico, with the correspondence of the Sefior
Commandante General of the Provincias Internas of the West of
the year 1819.47
that a party of Spaniards from Santa Fe have lately been upon the waters
of the Canadian within the limits of the territory of the United States."
This letter is in the text of book Mr. Foreman has in press, and to him
thanks are due for the use of this detail here.
"As noted above, Melgares denied these statements in his letter to
"The river referred to here is the Huerfano.
4'The translation mentioned in this note is the rough draft used by the
present writer for comparative purposes. The location of this translation
is indicated in note 26 above.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 33, July 1929 - April, 1930, periodical, 1930; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101090/m1/74/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.