The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931 Page: 90
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
With increasing settlement of the county, land has rapidly been
cleared of brush and placed under cultivation. The acreage of
"improved land in farms" rose from 3;081 acres in 1900 to 8,053
in 1910, and to 23,172 in 1920. This extensive development im-
posed such drains upon the water supply that in 1910, after the
first inrush of colonists, it was reported: "During the last few
years . . . the boring of so many wells has greatly reduced the
pressure, and many which were formerly artesian have since ceased
to flow or have had their pressure so greatly reduced that it has
become necessary to install pumps to secure sufficient water for
their acreage. There are, however, several excellent wells. . . ."o
Pumping has since become general, the last artesians, at Valley
Wells, ceasing continuous flow in 1929. Because of the peculiar
nature of artesian belts, however, any conclusions as to the ade-
quacy of the underground water supply must be held in abeyance
until the report of a geological survey now in progress is published.
Dimmit County is a culture area in which change and diversity
intrigue the social scientist. It is an international and an inter-
racial frontier. The Indians have been driven from the scene by
white Americans and Mexicans in their migrations. The Negro
population, present from the initial settlement, has failed to ex-
pand. One race group, now numerically in the minority, is com-
pletely dominant over the other. Railroad transportation and the
utilization of underground waters which lay scarcely tapped for a
quarter of a century after their discovery, have revolutionized the
cultural aspect of the county socially, economically, racially. The
area has been transformed from an important stock country to an
important agricultural community, which frequently leads the
United States in production of Bermuda onions. These processes
of change which have taken place within the experience of one, and
perhaps other persons yet living, are still going on with consider-
able rapidity; their unfolding may well be watched with care and
University of California.
"Reconnoissance soil survey of southwest Texas, Field operations of
the Bureau of Soils, 1911, p. 1280.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931, periodical, 1931; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101091/m1/100/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.