The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931 Page: 27
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Through Texas and Northern Mexico in 1846-1847
sick stomach. Fine rich open woods, for 5 miles, then enter'd the
open prairie destitute of even bushes, rode 15 miles for breakfast.
Stoped in the middle [of] the prairie, not a tree nigher than two
miles- the hottest place I ever was in. Some of the Boys said
they would make [like?] to give boot, and be in "Hell." The
keeper of the cabin is, or was one of Lafitte's men, HIe
would answer well, Scott's description [of] Bertrand, the buc-
canier, except, that he does not represent his hero as being as dirty
and filthy as was mine. All the family were a like in that par-
ticular. He had a daughter in law living near by, very genteel in
appearance, I went there and had a good breakfast, but could not
eat much. The mercenary old miser went over and threatened to
pull down the house over her head for giving us somthing fit to
eat. He seemed to consider it so much clear loss to him. I could
have split his windpipe! Now in Limestone County. It extends
from Trinity to the Brazzos. A good deal of rotton lime stone,
on the surface of the ground. The land would produce good wheat.
A very great quantity of lime in the soil and I should think nitre.
Beautiful groves of oak near the Navasot which is now appearing.
The bottoms which extend perhaps a mile on either side of the
stream are covered with a very heavy growth of cedar. Many of
the trees two feet in diameter. Houses, fences, etc., are here built
of this timber. I saw good corn growing in fields where the
deadened cedar was standing, so thick it would be f ctiticult to
gether it in [a] waggon. I think there might be some good mill
sites on the Navasot. At Springfield 5 miles below where I
crossed there is a fine spring, turning a good corn mill. Speaking
of mills, I've seen two, besides hand mills innumerable. Their
construction is as follows: two oak trees are selected, of con-
venient size and distance apart. A beam is raised against them,
resting on forks inclined against the trees. This beam extending
horizontally from tree to tree is raised about ten feet from the
ground. In the centre is morticed a hole, to receive the gudgeon
of a perpendicular shaft. Into this shaft they let arms of round
poles. At the extremity of each an upright pin is put in. Around
these an endless band of raw hide, (tug) which runs around the
shaft, to which the millstone is attached. A couple of mules are
made to jump over the band, and are hi[t]ched to one of the arms.
This done, everything is in readiness for grinding. How fast, I
will not say. These mills are considered not worth covering and
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931, periodical, 1931; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101091/m1/31/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.