The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931 Page: 31
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Through Texas and Northern Mexico in 1846-1847
a high ridge, which running out to the river above and below,
forms two pine bluffs of soft white lime stone. Two or three
fine springs, rise at the foot of this ridge and runs a cross the
bottom to the river; from which should it ever become necessary
the whole may be irrigated. On the top of the ridge, stands two
groves of live oak, the first met with on this rout. The St.
Gabriel is about 40 yds. wide but affords more water at this time
(and it has been dry here) than Licking does at its common state;
and so transparent are its waters that fish, and even small pebles
can be disserned at a depth of ten feet. There are said to be some
good mill sites on it. It does not overflow.
We started on the morning of the 19th and road 10 miles for
breakfast. I stoped on the hill to take a birdseye view, of what I
have already attempted to discribe. The scene on this side of the
river was teeming with animation, 200 cattle, as many sheep, and
a number of horses with their merry, tinkling bells were wending
their way, to the rich pastures, accompanied by the herd boys and
dogs. I was unable to go on with the company after breakfast,
the pain in my head becoming so violent. They have proceeded on
to Austin without me. I followed on, after dinner and reached
that place by eight in the evening, quite unwell. The Country
to day much the same as yesterday; black loam from two to six
feet deep, pebbles, sand, and shells. Crossed two or three clear
creeks this evening. Some fine groves of post oak, pecan, hack-
berry, etc. A few good springs.
20th. Austin the capital of Texas is a poor scattering little
village on the north side of the Colorado. Owing to the disturbed
state of the country for several past years, it has been twice de-
stroyed by its inhabitance. Consequently the place has improved
but little. The country below the town is said to be exceedingly
fine. In its immediate vicinity it is not so good. The site for
the town is good and well selected. There are some fine situations
on the low hill [s] around for country residences. They are mostly
covered with a grove of post or live oak. To the west, is some
fine scenery of wood, water, hill and dale. From the top of a hill
over which the San Antone road passes you have a full view of the
town, the intervening country, the river for some miles above and
below. All is spread out as a map at your feet. This would be a
most desirable place for a residence. The soil here rests on a
stratum of soft white lime stone, it is indeed, almost pure lime in
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931, periodical, 1931; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101091/m1/35/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.