The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931 Page: 38

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

The defeat of the Cherokees and their associated bands in east
Texas removed for the time being the most persistent organizers
of mischief among the intrusive Indians. Many of them crossed
Red River into the United States, while others under the leader-
ship of Egg and John Bowles sought to reach Mexico. Not all
of the Cherokees left Texas, however, for a very considerable
group settled at the deserted site of the Kickapoo village, de-
stroyed by General Rusk in October, 1838, on Village Creek, a mile
or two above where that stream joins the Trinity between present
day Dallas and Fort Worth. Here they were joined by remnants
of various tribes, principally the Seminoles, Wacos, Caddos, Kick-
apoos, Anadarcos and Shawnees. Chastened by the crushing de-
feat of 1839 and closely watched by the Rangers, the Indians main-
tained a peaceful relationship with their white neighbors through-
out the year 1840. But at the first relaxation of this policy of
constant vigilance on the part of the settlers, the confederated bands
renewed their predatory raids into Fannin County.
These incursions, as well as the grave menace of the Comanches
along the central and southern frontier, prompted Congress to
adopt a more vigorous Indian policy and to institute means for
frontier defense. On the first of February, 1841, it appropriated
$8000.00 for the maintenance of a frontier battalion to be com-
manded by Colonel William G. Cooke.1 Three days later an act
was passed whereby the following counties were authorized to
raise companies of minute men: Fannin, Lamar, Red River,
Bowie, Paschal, Panola, Nacogdoches, Houston, Robertson, Milam,
Travis, Bexar, Gonzales, Goliad, Victoria, Refugio, San Patricio,
Montgomery and Bastrop. Each company was to consist of not
less than twenty men nor more than fifty-six. The volunteers,

'DeShields, Border Wars of Texas, 357.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931, periodical, 1931; Austin, Texas. ( accessed April 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Texas State Historical Association.