The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931 Page: 53
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History of Fannin County, 1836-1843
of the Indians have returned, and stolen some fine horses and
some negroes; two negro men have been stolen from Blue River
in the last ten days.
"About five weeks since some of the citizens of Texas, well
armed, crossed to the north side of Red River, and killed two
Indians, a man and a woman; the other Indians made their
escape, but their property was all destroyed. Two or three weeks
afterward a company of about sixty or eighty Texans, well-armed,
crossed Red River above the mouth of,the False Washita, and
scoured the country between the Washita and Red Rivers, com-
mitting depredations on some of the houses of the Chickasaws."4
The raids into the Chickasaw country, mentioned in Upshaw's
report, were organized at Warren. The settlers, thoroughly
aroused by the Indian murders and attacks, crossed Red River on
two separate occasions for the purpose of exacting revenge on the
marauders. John P. Simpson states that the Coushattas, who had
been working on the plantation of Dr. Daniel Rowlett, left after
the attack of their fellow tribesmen on August 1, and fled across
Red River into the Chickasaw district. Joseph Sowell, with a
band of ten or twelve men, followed them, and in a night attack
on their camp killed a number of Indians. He naively remarks,
"This matter was kept still with the Texans for some time, the act
being a violation of international law with the United States."
The knowledge that this raid was a breach of international
policy did not trouble the Texans as much as Simpson would have
us believe. For, as we have noticed, two or three weeks after
Sowell's invasion of the United States a much larger force crossed
the river, and, not content with punishing the renegades, pro-
ceeded to destroy the property of the civilized Chickasaws. If
there was an attempt on the part of the Texans to keep these raids
a secret, there was certainly no lack of knowledge concerning them
among the Indian agents of the United States. On August 27,
James Wolf, one of the chiefs and commissioners of the Chicka-
saws, wrote from the Depot on Boggy, to Upshaw:
We have lately learned with a feeling of deep regret, that a party
of Texans, numbering about one hundred men, crossed Red .River
above the mouth of the Washita, and were urging war on any one
4U. S. Senate, Executive Documents, 27th Congress, Second Session,
No. 1, 340. Report of the Secretary of War.
"Carter, History of Fannin County, 48.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931, periodical, 1931; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101091/m1/57/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.