The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931 Page: 54
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
they might find . . . And it is a well known fact, and one
that the Texans will not deny, that about four weeks ago a party
crossed the Red River, near Mrs. Charles Colbert's place, and fired
on a party of Indians, killing several of them, and plundering their
camp of everything of value. One of the Texan men, and the one
that led the party, was a Mr. Huston, that formerly lived with
Major James Colbert.
Upshaw, in a letter transmitting this report to Captain George
W. Allen, of the United States army, commandant at Fort Towson,
Mr. David Wall arrived here since I commenced this letter, and
informed me that some sixty Texans crossed Red River a few days
since, and committed depredations on the property of Eno-ti-a, a
In this triangle of Texans, renegade Indians and Chickasaws,
the last were the ones who appear to have suffered most without
efforts at rtaliation. Exposed as they were on the extreme
frontier with their property in jeopardy at the hands of both the
Texans and the Coushattas and their associates, the Chickasaws
seem to have displayed admirable patience and restraint. Even-
tually their appeal for protection led General Zachary Taylor to
attend personally to the selection of a site for a military post on
the Washita River. The post subsequently located some twenty
miles north of the mouth of the Washita was named Fort Washita.
Its completion in 1842-43 marked the end of the predatory raids
across Red River by the Indians and the Texans, and proved to
be an unmixed blessing to that section of the troubled frontier.'
In 1841, however, there was no such protection and the next
raid took place just prior to the November term of the District
Court for Fannin County, 1841, which was set to meet on Monday,
the first day of the month. Owing to the large area included in
the jurisdiction at that time, it was customary for the court officials
and jurors to arrive in Warren on the preceding Sunday after-
noon. They stayed during the session at the tavern kept by Joseph
Sowell' and John H. Scott. "After securing lodging for them-
'U. S. Senate, Executive Documents, Thirty-second Congress, First Ses-
sion, III, 69, Document No. 14.
'Foreman, Pioneer Days in the Southwest, 283.
8Joseph Sowell was an early settler of Fannin County, arriving in
September, 1836. He settled on Red River below the mouth of Sandy
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931, periodical, 1931; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101091/m1/58/: accessed February 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.