The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931 Page: 60
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60 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
to the Secretary of State.' As might reasonably be expected
the inquiry resulted in the exoneration of O'Neal.
Thus the six years of Indian warfare and bloodshed on the
nothern frontier of Texas flickered out from thievery, abduction,
and murder to the exchange of polite notes between diplomats who
were living a thousand miles from the theatre of action. Although
rumors of Indian attacks continued to frighten the settlers along
the border for another year,'1 no actual depredations occurred. At
length, on September 29, 1843, Tarrant and Terrell signed the
treaty at Bird's Fort with the Tehuacanos, Keechis, Wacos, Cad-
dos, Anadarcos and others that forever removed the menace of
Indian attack from the Fannin frontier."
VI. FANNIN COUNTY-A TYPICAL FRONTIER SETTLEMENT
Figures are not available whereby the birthplace of all the set-
tlers of Fannin County can be determined. A study of data in-
volving thirty-two typical pioneers reveals the fact that eight of
them, or one-fourth of all the group under consideration, were
natives of Tennessee, that seven were born in North Carolina and
five in Kentucky. Of the remaining twelve, two were born in
Alabama, one in Maryland, one in Massachusetts, with the birth-
place of the other four unknown.
A further study of the group with the view of determining the
states from which the settlers came to Texas brings to light these
pertinent facts. Six of the eight Tennesseeans, above mentioned,
came directly from their native state to Texas, one resided for a
while in Alabama and one in Mississippi. A study of the North
Carolina group brings Tennessee more prominently into the fore-
ground as a source of emigration into the Red River area, since
no less than five of the seven North Carolinians lived for a num-
ber of years in Tennessee before coming to Texas. In addition one
Kentuckian came to Fannin County from Tennessee. Arkansas,
likewise, proved to be a popular stopping place on the road to
Texas. Seven heads of families in our group came to Fannin
County from that state, despite the fact that not one of them
claimed that state as his birthplace. Included in these seven
"Ibid., p. 87.
"The Olarksville Northern Standard, October 22, 1842.
'"Brown, History of Texas, II, 277.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931, periodical, 1931; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101091/m1/64/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.