The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 145
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
The Overland Movement of Cotton, 1866-1886
pared with 154,251 bales for the Louisville and Nashville. The
Chesapeake, Ohio and Southwestern connected Louisville with
Cincinnati became a market for the cotton of certain sections
of the South very early, because she was able to supply those
regions accessible to river transportation with many of the articles
needed, such as grain and provisions, and furniture.34 And, al-
though there was no direct railway connections between Cincin-
nati and the cotton-belt prior to 1880, considerable cotton was
transported by steamers to this city. In 1871, which was the
banner year of the cotton trade on the river, 215,758 bales reached
Cincinnati. Following the panic of 1873 there was a decided
slump in the cotton trade of Cincinnati, the decline continuing
until only 33,225 bales were received in 1875. However, from
this time there was a steady growth in this business, and in 1881,
which was the first year the Cincinnati Southern Railway could
compete for the cotton traffic, 145,989 bales entered Cincinnati.
It is interesting to note that, whereas, receipts for Cincinnati in-
creased almost 70,000 bales over the year 1880, those of Louis-
ville declined almost 60,000 bales.3"
The three large interior cities discussed in their relation to the
overland movement of cotton apparently played the most impor-
tant parts in developing and extending this phase of the cotton
business. But, they may be considered as exterior markets for
the cotton since they were beyond the limits of the cotton-belt.
It would not be possible to understand the importance of the do-
mestic phase of the cotton trade without knowing the parts played
by these cities. On the other hand, the truly interior markets,
that is, those cities, towns, and villages that lie within the cotton-
belt, and act as the immediate distributors of planters' supplies,
must be considered before it is possible to appreciate the changes
that really occurred in the cotton business after the Civil War.
84Report on Internal Commerce, 1886, 682.
8aReport on Internal Commerce, 1886, lxix.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/149/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.