The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 173
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VOL. XXXV JANUARY, 1932 No. 3
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed by
contributors to THE QUARTERLY
PIONEER PRINTING IN TEXAS1
DOUGLAS C. McMURTRIE
The early history of Texas was colorful and turbulent and, as a
result, we do not have preserved the same completeness and con-
tinuity of records as have been preserved in many of our states.
For this reason the history of the pioneer press in Texas is difficult
to trace and when we can trace it, we are often unable to find
extant examples of the printing produced.
From 1690 onward, the Spanish began the establishment of
missions, military posts, or settlements throughout Texas, and in
1727 the province of Tejas was set up, the name deriving from
the local Tejas Indians. There was a fine opportunity for colon-
ization until Louisiana passed under United States sovereignty
in 1803, but the Spaniards failed to take advantage of it.
Between 1799 and 1821, there were several unofficial military
expeditions into Texas with the intention of freeing it from Spanish
rule, and usually, also, perhaps, of adding it to the United States.
Two of these had important bearings on the origin of printing in
Texas. The first of them was led by Francisco Xavier de Mina,
who was inspired by Dr. Servando de Mier to bring about the free-
dom of Mexico. Mier was a Mexican friar who had been exiled,
persecuted, and unfrocked before he met Mina in England and
planned with him the expedition of 1816-1817. They sailed from
Mexico by way of Baltimore, where they took on Samuel Bangs, a
printer, and proceeded to Sota la Marina in Mexico, stopping for a
1A chapter in the forthcoming volume, The Pioneer Press in the United
States, by Douglas C. McMurtrie, to be published in the early part of 1932.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/177/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.