The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 14
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
would benefit the entire country rather than just a section."
Forshey proposed the "Iron Policy" in a later number of De
Bow's Review and urged in a detailed argument that the best
policy for Texas would be the purchase of railroad iron. His
policy was adopted by the Texans who opposed the Pease state
plan referred to above.
Texas people were very active in the war with Mexico and dur-
ing that struggle paid very little attention to their transportation
problems. But after the coming of peace the Mexican cession and
the discovery of gold in California gave an added advantage to
arguments for a Southern route. The people were convinced that
the national government would soon build roads to the Pacific and
Texas wanted to do her share, as the Federal government had no
lands in Texas. An act was passed by the state legislature and
approved March 11, 1848, offering Congress twenty sections of
land for every mile of road if Congress should undertake to con-
struct a railroad across Texas to the Pacific Ocean. This offer
was to continue for three years.36
On the heels of this legislation a state convention was held at
Galveston. Seventy-seven delegates were present, including many
men prominent in the state's affairs during the next thirty
years. Among these were three future governors, two future
United States Senators, six men who were later Congressmen
from Texas, four colonels of the late war with Mexico, five dis-
trict judges, three of whom were later State Supreme Court judges,
seven members of the legislature, and many other men prominent
as local leaders in state politics. Several men interested in this
and other railroad projects were in the convention.37
A memorial was drawn up to be sent to Congress and was ap-
proved unanimously. It was received in Congress at the Decem-
ber session and on January 24, of the next year, was referred to
the Committee on Public Lands and ordered printed. This memo-
rial is the best expression of Texas sentiment on the Pacific rail-
road question, and is the most complete. It prayed that the Gal-
veston and Red River Railway Company, lately chartered by the
Texas Legislature, should be permitted to extend their road
"6De Bow's Review, IV, 164ff.
'Senate Misc. Docts., 30th Cong., 2 Hess., No. 33. (Texas Act is ap-
37The writer was interested to see listed among the delegates the name
of his own great-grandfather, Colonel William C. Sparks.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/18/: accessed September 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.