The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 291
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A Log of the Texas-California Cattle Trail, 1854
New Mexico.27 We are encamped within a few miles of Las Crusas
(The Crosses). I learn from the government transcript of the
rout, that it is 885 miles from Ft. Filmore to San Diago, this
makes the rout some shorter than when I heard it on the road.
We will probably make [it] in two and a half months.
6th Sunday - Hot day, particularly when on guard. Soil
th[r]ough this valley is not generally of a good character, neither
is grass plenty, but the grama grass is to be found at good dis-
tances for camping; the Mezquit Bean grows here in great pro-
Along the road from Franklin are numerous settlements. We
passed through one little place honored with the name of
[sic] and contains some six or eight houses. In looking over the
rout I find several ranchos and Indian vilages scattered along the
way. There is no fruit to be had in this vicinity, so I am told;
if there is any I am bound to find it.
7th Monday. Waiting in camp untill all the men come in.
They are all visiting the different ranches and settlements near
by; spreeing &c, the consequences of being a long time out of the
settlements; it is dull life in camp.
Camp life brings out all the utility men have - for instance
I took an old worn out pair of pants, and threw them up in a
tree. Shortly I saw one of the men cutting them into sections of
a circle, to make a scull cap of - who would have thought that
the pants I started from San Antonio with would have been used
on a mans head the ballance of the trip.
There is a general splitting up of Franklin & Dean's Camp at
this point; the Parson who promised some time since to give
us a sermon, is of one party; he concluded that we were too far
gone in sin; for his preaching to do us any good; and we have
not had the sermon. There is a rumor in camp that some party
ahead murdered two Indian women; that the Indians are prepar-
ing to attack every party who pass; they are of the Apache tribe
and the only ones to be feared.
8th Tuesday -tried to leave camp early, but could not, owing
to one of the cartmen who wanted to leave, and return to San
27Fort Fillmore, on the east bank of the Rio Grande forty miles above
El Paso, was established September 23, 1851, and was abandoned shortly
after the outbreak of the Civil War. Hamersley, Complete Regular
Army Register of the United States for One Hundred Years, Part II, 133.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/295/: accessed August 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.