The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 31
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Diary of Fray Gaspar Jos6 De Solis, in the Year 1767-68 31
the feast days I stayed there until the 23rd. It has a pond and
some springs of water; the water is scarce and bad.
On the 23rd after having passed by El Rosillo, a well on the
Vafion pasture, and through the Cafia Ranch where there is a
small pond, I came to a stop. There is a lake here in rainy sea-
sons and a well of bad water. 6.1
On the 24th I traveled to the place called El Burro and through
El Durasno, both without water, and came to the Salto Ranch,
another sheep, and goat ranch of the Hacienda de Vafion; there
is a well and a pool of rain water. The well water was reasonably
On the 25th I came to more water in the hacienda for the
horses and cattle of Dofia Ydelfonso de la Campacos, where many
charcoal burners live. They furnish coal for the smelting estab-
lishment of El Real de Masapil, carrying it in carts drawn by
oxen. I reached Arroyo Seco, a place uncultivated and without
water, which had to be brought from a distance of two leagues
for drinking. 6.
On the 26th I passed through Grufiidora, pasture land for the
sheep and goats belonging to the Jesuit Fathers. Here
also, charcoal is made for Masapil, water very bad. I came to
El Potrillo where there is a large pool of rain water. 11.
On the 27th I passed through Candelaria Ranch of the Haci-
enda Grufiidora; good water although the spring is small, and
through El Puerto de Cedros where there is a small pool of water
that is not permanent. I came to the excellent Hacienda de
Cedros of Don Juan de Lasaga where they mine silver. It has
other smelters run by water, and four that are worked by mules;
it also has a very good vineyard and a good spring of water. I
stayed here until the first of December on account of the kind-
ness of the overseer Don Joseph de Esparsa who provided for
me and fed me with great generosity. Much wine and whiskey
is made here. 16.
On the first of December I passed San Joseph, a pool of rain
water belonging to the Hacienda de Cedros; through Bonanza, a
rich hacienda of the Sefiores Marqueses de Patos, where they
mine silver, and came to the Canutillo Ranch of Bonanza, water
very good although not very abundant.
1The number at the end of paragraphs refers to the number of leagues
traveled each day.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/35/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.