The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 33
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Diary of Fray Gaspar Jose De Solis, in the Year 1767-68 33
and takes its course through the glade. There are plenty of
fish, such as haddock, barbel, trout, moscaras, eels and others. In
the middle of this ravine there is a very strong current of air;
after leaving it one comes to El Puerto de Tlaxcala, about half
a league down the river from the ravine. Here was the Mission
of Santa Cruz de Quer6taro. In this town there are some
haciendas for smelting, for mining silver, many corn fields and
some wheat fields. The Indians have their fruit orchards of
peaches, quince, pears, etc., and I came to El Real de Boca de
Leones which is on the bank down the river from Tlaxcala. In
this Real there are many haciendas where there are smelters in
which they take out silver, lead, "temescuitate,"2 etc. There are
corn fields, young horses, mules and cattle, sheep and goat ani-
mals with long hair, that is goats, being raised especially. In
this Real de Boca de Leones there is an alms-house belonging to
the College of Zacatecas, where a priest, who is the president, a
lay-brother, Donada, who is the cook, and others live by charity.
There is a very beautiful church, adequately and decently adorned
with its ornaments, sacred vessels, etc. The dwelling place in
the manner of a convent has sufficient cells that are very nice,
and the necessary offices, kitchen, refectory, etc. It is an ecclesi-
astic benefice conferred by His Majesty, where there is a priest,
an assistant priest, and besides these other priests who live there.
The parish is decent. I remained in this Real through the bad
weather, waiting for it to settle, until the month of February of
the year 1768, in which I proceeded on my journey. 10.
On the 4th of said month of February of the year 1768, I
left Boca de Leones. I passed through El Salitre, through El
Guisache, through Golondrina, by a hill that has a vein of "jam"
stone, and arrived at the canebrake, pasture land for sheep and
goats of Turundarena. It has much good water. At the dis-
tance of three leagues is the Mission of Candela of the Province
of Coahuila. 10.
On the 5th I passed La Cafiada de la Cruz, near the town of
Santiago, which is within the jurisdiction of the Mission of Can-
dela of the Province of Coahuila. The Indians are very wild
and untamed; they go naked and live on dormice, rabbits, snakes
temescuitate: dross from surface of lead into which pulverized silver
ore is introduced.-Velazquez.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/37/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.