The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 34
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
and other animals of the country along the slope of the table-
land of the Catujanes. This plateau is on the side of a high
hill, and has only one entrance. There is a tableland above,
which they say has about twenty leagues in circumference, and
there water is found. The fugitive Indians take refuge there,
those from Coahuila as well as those from the point of Lampazos.
I passed the dam and came to the point of Lampazos. This town
was a mission of the College of Santa Cruz; it has much good
water. There is a priest in charge appointed by the Honorable
Bishop of Guadalajara, and an alcalde mayor appointed by the
Governor of Monterrey; some Spaniards and other civilized peo-
ple are residents. There is a church that is nicely adorned, an
adequate dwelling place, a good climate. The town is situated
at the point of the mountain range where the mines of Boca de
Leones, of Yguana, and of Vallecillo del Talcotlote are located.
These are the last hills on the road from Zacatecas to the Prov-
ince of Texas on the course to the North. Here I stopped the
6th and 7th days on account of the strong North wind and to say
mass on a feast day which it happened to be. 8.
On the 8th I passed by Los Pozos, by El Campafiero, and came
to El Mesquite, a desert place. There is good water in pools or
On the 9th I passed Los Magueyes, a desert place, through
the corral El Indio, also desert, and came to El Rio de las
Salinas or Salado River on the banks of which is San Ambrosia
Ranich of the estate of Turundarena. This river is an abundant
stream and has many fish--piltontes, pullones," barbel, trout,
etc., some shell fish like Catanes abujas as well as prawn. In
this river they get pearls although not as good as those from
the sea; its margins are beautiful, pleasant and leafy; its trees
are willows, sabines, mesquites, and many other big tall trees.
The river is crossed in canoes. I was here the 10th day on ac-
count of the strong North wind that was blowing. I confessed
some persons, both men and women. The water is bad.
On the 11th I reached the Charco del Indio, a desert place,
reasonably good water, much woods of palms, mesquite, huisache,
organos tasajos,3 cat's claw, chapparal, very thick, also ebony.
8Organos tasajos: a species of the Cactus Plant.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/38/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.