The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 36
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
San Antonio de Vexar, and four Indians armed with guns from
the mission of El Sefior San Joseph. These were sent by the
Father President Fray Pedro Ramires de Arellano, in order that
they might escort me and guard me, because from here begins
the danger from the Indians. I notice that from Zacatecas up
to this Rio Grande del Norte there are, according to my opinion
227 leagues, little more or less. The course runs North; there
are many palmettos, evergreen oaks, mesquite, huisaches, cactus
maguey, visnagas,4 soconoscles, tasajos small lettuce and other
thorny plants, also gobernadora and ebony. There were numerous
herds of animals such as deer, rabbits, some squirrels, wolves,
coyotes, birds, hawks, owls, crows, sopilote quebranta huesos,6 quail
in abundance, small parrots, and macaws. In La Popa, Boca de
Leones and Tlaxcala, were many sparrows, sensoncles also
in great quantities, and in the woods from the Boca de Leones
to the Puerta de Lampazos there also abound striped tigers,
pheasant and many other birds which I do not know, thrushes,
black birds, doves and many other and varied larks, etc. 2.
On the 16th I arrived at the Pool of Rosario, the road led
through extended and sandy hills, reasonable water. 5.
On the 17th I followed the road through other stretches of
sandy hills until entering into the woods that were not very thick
although there were many pin oaks, post oaks, some palmettos
and cacti, huisaches, mesquite and other wild plants; land of good
quality which was known as very fertile. After leaving this woods,
about three leagues beyond, I came to Salado, an unsettled place
like the rest; the water of this place is reasonable. From here
on is the land of the Apaches and Lipans. 12.
On the 18th I journeyed through many stretches of hills where
there were many small rocks that they call chinitas and broad
plains in which here and there was a spot of oak undergrowth,
mesquite and cacti. I came to the place called San Casimiro
where there were neither woods nor slopes; fairly good water in
all of these places. From the Rio Grande on there are many rare
snakes. I-Iere began a strong Norther, raining, snowing and with
'Visnaga: A mountain plant of two or three feet in height that has
small white flowers.
6Soconoscles: misspelling for XoconochtU, Indian word for a certain
species of the cactus pear.
o opilote quebranta huesos: A kind of hawk.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/40/: accessed March 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.