The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 37
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Diary of Fray Gaspar Jose De Solis, in the Year 1767-68 37
a strong wind blowing. Because it was a place without protection
or shelter I was obliged to travel through the bad weather in search
of shelter where there might be wood.
On the 19th I set out, while it was raining and snowing, through
stretches of bare hills; I passed through a place that is called La
Retamita and came to a place called Sefior San Joseph, which al-
though desert has the shelter of a grove of mesquite, large hui-
saches and cacti. There I remained because the Norther con-
tinued until the 22nd day and it was so strong and raw that if I
had not determined to set up the campaign tent I think that I
should have perished with the cold. I said mass with the pro-
tection of the fire since some big fires were made around near the
grove, and in this way I could say it with some comfort. The
water of this place is from pools or lakes and is reasonably good.
On the 22nd I left this place, where my mule fell with me al-
though it did not hurt me. I passed through some bare stretches
of hills with a few walnut trees and evergreen oaks. There were
many big snakes that were very long. The soldiers were killing
them with their rapiers. I came to the place of the Tablitas.
The water was bad. This country like the foregoing is the terri-
tory of the Apaches and Lipans who abound in these places, and
if care is not taken they do great harm, stealing what they can
and killing the people if they have the opportunity. 8.
On the 23rd I passed through Arroyo Blanco and the woods.
There are many mesquite trees, palmetto, cacti, evergreen oaks,
pin oaks, post oaks, and other trees, among which there are many
wild boars, wild cats, snakes and other animals. I came to the
Nueces River, a full stream although the water is bad. It banks
are very pleasant and leafy. It contains many fish, such as barbel,
sardines, eels, .piltontes pullones. The land of the Apaches reaches
from the Rio Grande del Norte to this point. Here Father Fray
Joseph Escovar sent me provisions.
On the 24th I crossed the Leona where the Reverend Father
Fray Joseph Escovar came out to receive me accompanied by six
armed men. I passed through several stretches of hills and very
pleasant plains, through clumps of post oaks and other trees that
were not very high, and came to good sweet water. Here the
Honorable Captain of the Espiritu Santo Bay, Don Francisco
Tovar, came out with ten soldiers to receive me, and I said mass
on account of its being St. Matthews' day. 12.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/41/: accessed June 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.