The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 40
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
sion was founded in the year 1754. Its minister, who is as I have
said, Fray Joseph Escovar, works hard for its advancement, in-
crease and improvement. He conducts himself toward the Indians
with great love, charity and gentleness and with a tender manner
that is gentle and flattering. He makes them work, he teaches
them to pray, he tries to catechize them and instruct them in civ-
ilized customs and the rudiments of our Holy Faith; he assists
and aids them as well as he can in all of their necessities, physical
and spiritual, giving them something to eat and to wear. Above
all he gets them together, young and old, in the cemetery at the
ringing of the bell before prayers at night and makes them say
their prayers and the christian doctrine. He explains to them
and tries to teach them the mysteries of our Holy Faith, exhorting
them to keep the commandments of God and of our Holy Mother
Church, teaching them the things necessary for salvation. On
Saturdays he gets them together to pray the rosary with its mys-
teries and hymns of praise. On Sundays and feast days he makes
them recite the prayers and the doctrine before mass, and after-
wards he preaches to them, explaining the doctrine and what they
ought to know and understand. If he commands that those who
need it be punished, it is with due moderation, without exceeding
the limits of charity and paternal correction, not yielding to
cruelty and tyranny but only to the punishment of misdeeds and
The Indians among whom this mission was founded are the
Coxanes, Guapites, Carancaguases and Coopanes, although at the
present time there are few of this nation, since the greater num-
ber of them are in the woods or on the banks of one of the many
rivers that are found in these regions, or with another nation that
is friendly and confederate on the sea coast, which is about thir-
teen or fourteen leagues distant from this mission to the east of
it. They are all barbarians, given to idleness, lazy, indolent.
They are very gluttonous and ravenous and eat meat almost raw,
roasted and dripping with blood. In order to be at liberty in the
woods or on the beach, they prefer to suffer hunger, nakedness and
lack of shelter, which they do not suffer when they are in the mis-
sion, since the Father aids them in everything, in food and in
clothing and in other necessities and comforts. They are idle
and given over to all kinds of vices, especially the vices of lasciv-
iousness, robbery, systematic thieving and dancing. They are
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/44/: accessed March 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.