The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 41
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Diary of Fray Gaspar Jose De Solis, in the Year 1767-68 41
very much given to the dances they call mitotes. Some of these
dances are festive and happy, and others funereal and sad, being
distinguished from one another by the instruments which they
play for them. For the festive ones they play a tamborine that is
made of a tortoise shell, or of a half gourd, or with a French pot,
and a whistle of reeds and an avacasele, for the sad ones they
play certain instruments they call the caymn. This is very
harsh and melancholy, and to the discordant notes they add sad
and horrible cries, accompanied by gestures, grimaces and extraor-
dinary contortions and movements of the body, jumping and leap-
ing in a circle. For this mitote they light a fire, a big bon-fire
and dance around it, circling around the fire without ceasing day
or night. These mitotes last three days and three nights. The
Indian women never dance in them; they stand at a distance in
sight of the mitote, with their hair over their faces, confused and
melancholy, shouting sadly and helping. In these dances the In-
dians seem like demons because of the gestures that they make.
They adorn themselves, that is they paint themselves with ver-
million, and on some occasions with black, the eyes arched and
reddened; they have several saints to whom they dedicate their
mitotes: one is the god Pichini, another the Saint Mel. To these
they pray with these superstitious dances either for liberty and
triumph over their enemies, or good success in their campaigns,
or abundant harvests in their plantings, or abundance of deer,
buffalo, or bear. They have their priest and they call him Conas,
and their captains and chiefs, and they call them Tamas. To this
office there are many Indians pretenders, and they administer
extraordinary tests for admitting them, such as scarifying them
from the back of the head with something like combs of the spine
from seafish to the soles of the foot, making them shed much
blood, and taking them off to a cane-break where they keep them
fasting for many days, and they come out emaciated and thin and
Speaking of all of the Indians of this Province of Texas in
common with all the nations that inhabit it, whether they are of
the mission or live in the woods and sea-coast, they all marry:
those of the mission who are taught, Yn Facie Eclesie according
to the order of Our Mother Church; those who are not, by natural
contract, but it is with many abuses, and in order that there may
not be any in the mission it is necessary to be very careful, and
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/45/: accessed January 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.