The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 44
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
In this nation abound the hermaphrodites which they call the
Monaguia. These go out with the Indians on the campaigns to
serve them as well as to drive the herd of horses and mules that
are stolen while they fight those who come to take them away.
The reason why these Indians are not reduced and not collected
together in the mission, and the reason why those congregated in
the mission flee to the woods and the banks of the rivers and the
seashore, are many and varied. They are not the same in every
case, but one for some of the tribes and another for others. One
reason is their natural inconstancy and tendency to escape from
subjection and from work, since they love and desire their liberty
greatly, and are given to idleness and arrogance. Another reason
is their repugnance and aversion to everything connected with Our
Holy Faith, to divine things, to the observance of Our Holy Com-
mandments and sovereign precepts. Still another is the cowardly
fear and wickedness which is natural in them. They hold the other
Nations as their enemies and opponents, imagining and judging
that in these parts they are free and secure from their cruelties,
blows and tyrranies. Another reason is the neglect of the mili-
tary chiefs in congregating them and gathering them together and
not punishing those who run away or following them or searching
for them in order to bring them back to it. If they once return,
they are not given such punishment as will serve for a check and
make them afraid so that they will not run away again or desert
or leave the mission.
Although they are cowards and pusilanimous, they boast and
brag of being strong and valiant, because of this they go naked in
the most burning sun, they suffer and go around without covering
themselves or taking refuge in the shade. In the winter when it
snows and freezes so that the water in the rivers is solid and the
pools, lakes, marshes and creeks are covered with ice they go out
from the ranch at early dawn to take a bath, breaking the ice with
their body. They do all this to show that they are strong, valiant
When they go out on a campaign they carry with them certain
kind of grass, of which they only have knowledge since they do not
wish, nor have they been willing to tell the Spaniards, about it.
With this they staunch the blood of their wounds, and although
they are wounded keep on fighting since they do not faint from
the loss of blood because of it.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/48/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.