The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 46
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
The workshops and dwellings for the priests as well as for the
soldiers and the Indians are adequate and decent, also the neces-
The minister of this mission works hard, with great zeal and
care for the conservation and increase in corporeal as well as
spiritual matters, teaching them above all to pray, and explaining
to them the christian doctrine and the mysteries of our Holy
Faith, also that which is to be done daily as a necessary part of
their salvation. Frequently, when the Indians assemble them-
selves at the ringing of the bell, he helps them with love and
charity in temporal things by giving them food and clothing, and
in spiritual things by teaching them the commandments and how
to be good christians, not consenting to any wickedness in them,
and commanding that the guilty, the delinquent and the rebellious
be punished. He makes them work and live peacefully in their
civil relations; in short he educates them and instructs them the
best that he can in order to fulfill his obligation.
Although there are two ministers paid by the King, Our Lord,
(may he rest in glory) in this mission at the present time, there is
only one who is responsible for the administration of the royal
presidio. On feast days he says two masses, one in the mission
and the other in the presidio. He also preaches and explains the
Doctrine of the Cross on feast days.
The property which the mission possesses consists of eight herds.
The four droves of burros produce many mules, and there are
about one hundred gentle horses, about seventy gentle mules,
thirty pair, fifteen hundred head of sheep and goats, two hundred
yoke of oxen, big fields for planting corn. Everything depends
on the rain because they do not have water nor can it be taken
from the river or from any other place. Because of this, if the
season fails, that which is sown is lost. They plant cotton, water-
melons and cantaloups. They raise good sweet potatoes and Irish
potatoes in abundance, also peaches of several varieties, figs, etc.
Many plows, rakes, shovels, coas,'0 varras and all instruments for
farming are there.
The Indian nations among whom this mission was founded are
the Taranames, Tamiques, Piguicanes, and Manos de Perro [dog-
hands]. In all there must be, large and small of both sexes,
lucoas: sharp sticks used by the Indians in tilling the soil.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/50/: accessed October 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.