The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 50
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Southwester. Historical Quarterly
informed me of his having detained the Indians of the Mission of
Rosario and prevented their going to their mission; of having
tried to do the same with the Indians of Espiritu Santo, although
they did not wish it; of having arrested and put under guard the
sacristan of the mission who loaned them the ornament of the
mission (without intention on their part of returning it); and
of his being actually against the minister of the mission as well
as the captain of Orcoquisac, Don Melchor Afin de Rivera.
The 4th was spent at the Mission of San Joseph.
The 5th also, for lent. On the 6th the pack animals left with
provisions for the interior missions. I remained, intending to
overtake them later.
The condition of this mission of Sefior San Joseph de San
Miguel de Aguayo, as I saw it in the inspection which I made
personally in this year of 1768, is as follows: it is so pretty and
well arranged both in a material and in a spiritual way that I
have no voice, words or figures with which to describe its beauty.
The structure consists of a perfect square of stone and lime, each
side is two hundred and twenty varas long and has a door; there
are towers in opposite corners, each one guarding its two sides.
The dwellings of the Indians are built against the wall from five
to six varas in length and four in width. Within each there is a
little kitchen of four varas in length, a chimney and loopholes
which fall on the outside for defence against the enemy; there is
an arched granary of stone and lime, [and] three cannon; there
is a work-shop where woolen blankets and very good cotton and
woolen cloth is woven. They make a great deal of the latter.
They have a carpenter shop, an iron shop, a tailor shop, a furnace
in which to burn lime and brick, and an irrigating ditch so large
and carrying so much water that it seems like a small river, and
it has a great number of fish in it. This canal waters many fer-
tile fields, all of which are fenced in for more than a league. In
these fields they have sown corn, brown beans, lentils, melons,
water-melons, peaches, sweet potatoes, Irish potatoes, sugar-cane.
From all of these things they take large and abundant harvests,
so that this mission gives food to others, and to the presidio of
San Antonio, Bahia del Espiritu Santo, San Saba, the Orcoquisac
and Los Adais. It has a garden in which they grow all kinds of
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/54/: accessed October 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.