The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 51
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Diary of Fray Gaspar Josg De Solis, in the Year 1767-68 51
vegetables and many fruit trees, especially peaches, one now and
then of a pound in weight, little more or less.
Although this mission does not actually have a church it is
building a very adequate one of stone and lime in the shape of an
arch which serves as a church. Some of the closed arches of the
portales of the dwellings of the ministers are of fair size. They
are sufficient for all of the offices that are necessary. The jewels
of silver, the sacred vessels, the large cup of the custodia, the
ornaments and all things pertaining to the Divine Worship, are
good and neatly arranged. Its baptismal font, its shell, and
small vials for the Holy Oil are made of silver, also small vessels
for the Holy Water and hyssop are of silver. This mission has
from ten to twelve leagues of ranch that is called El Atascosa,
where there are about ten droves of mares, four droves of burros,
about thirty pair, and about fifteen hundred yoke of oxen for
plowing. It has all of the tools, such as rakes, plows, hoes, sticks,
axes, varas and all that are necessary; and about five thousand
head of sheep and goats.
The Indians take care of all of this without the necessity of
having white people to look after it and administer it. The same
Indians serve in the work-shop, in the carpenter shop, the iron
shop, the tailor shop and the quarry; in short for all that is to be
done in the mission. They are industrious workers and very
skilful in every thing; they serve as mule drivers, stone-masons,
cow-herders, shepherds and in short do everything, since they do
not employ any one for anything who does not belong to the
The nations among whom this mission of Sefior San Joseph
and San Miguel de Aguayo was founded, in the year 1716 or '17,
by the Minister Reverend Father Friar Antonio Margil de Jesis,
are the Pampoas, Mesquites, Pastias, Camamas, Cacames (Ta-
cames), Canos, Aguastallas and Xaunaes. Between young and
old of both sexes, there are about three hundred and fifty men
advanced in years, learning and experience; and of these skilled
in managing arms there are about one hundred and ten, forty-
five of whom are armed with guns, sixty-five with bows and ar-
rows, lances and other arms. All the Indian men and women
are very well trained in civilized customs and christianity. All
of them know how to pray the christian doctrine and the mys-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/55/: accessed October 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.