The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 52
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
teries of our Holy Faith; all speak the Spanish language, except
those who came from the forest when grown and who have re-
mained untamed and wild, but all know how to pray and have
been baptized. Most of them are skilled in playing on the guitar,
some on the violin and others on the harp. All have sonorous
voices, and on Saturdays, each 19th day and the feast days of the
Christ and the Most Holy Mary they take out their rosary, sing-
ing with four voices, soprano, alto, tenor and bass, being accom-
panied with the corresponding instruments, and it is glorious to
If one walks within the walls, the Indians who are armed catch
him in the midst since they patrol in two files for security; and
besides this they ride as sentinels outside of the walls of the mis-
sion on horseback in order to avoid the risk and danger that may
be incurred in such a dangerous country.
All of the Indians, both men and women, know how to sing
and dance after the manner of the white people from the land
outside, and perhaps with more skill and beauty; they are all
decently dressed, each having two suits, one for work days and
another better one for feast days. The Indians are not ugly, and
the Indian women are comely and very graceful, except one now
and then who is surly and lazy. The Indian men occupy them-
selves with the work that is to be done. The old men make
arrows for the soldiers; the young Indian women spin and un-
tangle the wool and sew; the old women spend their time fish-
ing in order that the Fathers may eat; the boys and girls go to
school and pray in their turn.
Although the mission is so cultured, following the inclination
that the Indians have for their mitotes at times when the Fathers
are careless, the men and the women go off to the woods and dance
the mitotes with the pagan Indians. This is carefully watched
for, and those who are caught are punished severely. They all
have their beds in high places with their large warm blankets of
cotton and wool, woven in the work-shop of the mission, their
sheets and blankets, and their buffalo hides which serve them as
a mattress. In short the Indians of this mission are so well
trained in civilized life and so cultured that the Indians from
the outside, who are among white people, and for a long time
have been reduced and settled, will need time to become like them.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/56/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.