The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 56
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
This whole country from the Guadalupe River is inhabited by
Indian men and women, and there is great risk of their coming
out. The Xaranames live in these regions. They fled from the
Mission of Espiritu Santo Bay, some are baptized apostates, and
The 21st we reached the Colorado River. This stream is very
large and full of water; its banks and margins and meadows are
very pleasant, with much foliage of many trees, willows, cotton-
woods, elms, sabines, walnuts, cedars, pin oaks, post oaks, black
walnuts, and many others as well as vines which twine around the
trees; it has many fish, pilmontes, barbos, pullon, haddock and
many others. On the bank of this river dwell many barbarous In-
dians of the Coco nation. We crosesd a creek called El Perdinal;
another named La Azicar [sic], another La Sandia, and we stopped
at still another they call El Pilmonte. In all of these creeks there
are fish. From this river began the bison, and the deer etc. con-
tinued. The road leads through woods that are pleasant and very
agreeable to the sight as well as the plains, hills and glades. 18.
On the 22nd we crossed the creek of La Soledad, much foliage
and covered with many different trees which I have mentioned
above. We crossed another that is called Juana Rosa, as pleasant
as the foregoing. These creeks are the habitat of the Cocos, a little
farther on than the last in a little glade, the road turns aside to
the right for the Presidio and Mission of Orcoquisac. After-
wards we passed through La Mota del Indio, and came to a stop
at the Bernave creek. It has good water and the road leads
through very pleasant woods, through plains and green and flow-
ery hills abundant in deer, turkeys, quail, buffalo, bear, and many
Spanish cattle, unbranded and without owner, because the first
person who entered when these lands were discovered and con-
quered, was Captain Leon (of glorious memory). On the bank
of these rivers he left a bull and a cow, a horse and a mare, and
this is the reason why there are so many cattle and horses un-
branded and wild. 16.
On the 23rd we passed through a creek called Las Pefitas;
another named Las Tinajas, through El Puerto de las Cruces which
enters into the Big Woods, called El Diablo. This is very thick
and dense with big trees of different kinds and a number of Ayla-
deros. There are bits of woods so thick and dense that it is neces-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/60/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.