The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 59
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Diary of Fray Gaspar Jose De Solis, in the Year 1767-68 59
green hills and plains, and through leafy woods of many and
various kinds of trees, big oaks, pin oaks, walnuts, elms, ashes,
cedars, sassafras. I set up a rather large cedar cross. There are
many deer buffalos, bears, turkeys, partridges, quail. I have trav-
eled from Zacatecas to this place on the course to the north; from
here I take to the north-east by north and east. 12.
The 27th we crossed the Navasoto River, not very large but full
of water, with pleasant margins and many and different trees,
sabines, ashes, willows, pin oaks, post oaks, elms, cedars, vines,
persimmons, pomegranates, strawberries, blackberries, chestnuts,
hazelnuts, socosole, sassafras, and many others; many deer, buf-
falos, turkeys, partridges, quail etc.; very beautiful valleys that
are pleasant as well as pretty. We crossed a creek that they call
Las Gallinas. We stopped at another named El Carrizo. All
have good water. Here we set up a holy cross of cedar, well
The 28th we passed through a very beautiful plain, surrounded
by thick woods called La Escaramuza: from here begins the Virgin
Viperine, herb of many virtues, very medicinal. We passed along
by the lake called El Frances, along by the lake of Cayman, and
crossed a creek that is called El Atascadero because it is extremely
miry. Here there are some large thick trees with big sharp
thorns on them; if a horse falls on one, both horse and horseman
remain nailed and fastened down. We crossed another that they
call Caramanchel, very pleasant, with the kind of woods already
mentioned. We came to the Trinity River, which is large and full
of water and has pleasant banks; the stones in its bed are of very
fine flint; it has many fish and some alligators. As the water was
very low we waded through it. On this river there are many
dense canebrakes. These are not lacking on the others, but they
are not so abundant. We went on from there and came to a stop
at a very boggy creek called San Juan, very pleasant also. On
the bank of this creek and all places between it and the Navasota
River live many nations of barbarous Indians, the Taguacanes,
Quichixes, Asinais, Vidais, Deadoses, and many others. Here I
set up a very large holy cross of cedar. On the banks of this river
besides the trees that I have mentioned there are very high
beeches besides the vines that are there, and before [coming to] it
there are many maguey plants. Here I received letters from the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/63/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.