The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 65
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Diary of Fray Gaspar Jose De Solis, in the Year 1767-68 65
take leave of the said gentleman and of all the people of that pre-
sidio. This mission of Sefior San Miguel de Cuellar de los Adays
is situated in a dense forest of thick trees, pines, post oaks, pin
oaks. Through the thick woods runs a plain that is not very
large, with a small hill on each side on one of these is the mission
and on the other stands the presidio. In the middle of the plain
runs a creek with little and bad water. The houses and church
of this mission are of wood with wooden roofs, all clean and neat.
This mission has deteriorated in a material as well as in a spiritual
way; in the material because the house and church are old and
abused, reduced and almost destroyed. The ornaments and sacred
vessels are old and badly abused. The ministers (who only oc-
cupy themselves in ministering to all the white people of the royal
presidio and ranches, of which there are some) suffer many needs,
and even lack the necessary things. By the time that aid reaches
them, which is given to them by the piety of the King, Our Lord
(may God guard him), they have already suffered and had these
experiences. Although the woods are leafy and pleasant, there is
no grass for the stock and it is necessary to take them from the
royal presidio and mission out ten or twelve leagues for grazing;
there is absolutely no grass or hay or fodder there. The people
live on the corn and do not have any sown fields. The flesh of the
bulls that is furnished them is very bad. All seed, such as corn,
frijoles etc. is scarce. There is only an abundance of whiskey,
with which they are provided by the French of Nachitos who are
seven leagues from here.
In regard to the organization of the mission, there is no Indian
congregation, because although they are numerous they do not
wish to congregate, and go to the presidio rather than to the mis-
sion. What has been and is a consolation, as I have been assured
by the old men, since many of the first who came in to settle in
this country are still living, is that all of the Indians, both men
and women, old and young, send for the Father in the hour of
death, wherever they may be in order that he may "echar el Horco
Santo," that is administer the Holy Baptism, although it is sus-
pected that many ask for it as a natural remedy for obtaining
bodily health. Notwithstanding the fact that there is not any
Indian congregation in this mission, I found three hundred entries
of baptisms, of children as well as adults, noted in the Adminis-
trative book. Of the people of the presidio, I found two-hundred-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/69/: accessed November 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.