The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 69
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Diary of Fray Gaspar Jose De Solis, in the Year 1767-68 69
The 13th, 14th and 15th I kept on with the baths, waiting for
the escort. The 16th and 17th in the same hope.
On the 18th the arriero [mule-driver] Gervaci6n arrived with
his mule teams and some passengers, and I determined to go with
them since the guard had not arrived.
On the 19th I arranged my journey with the aforesaid persons
without waiting for the guard. I confess that it was rashness to
which I was compelled by necessity and by what I was suffering.
The situation of this mission of Nuestra Sefiora de Guadalupe
de Albuquerque de los Nacogdoches is in a plain that is not very
large, surrounded by woods, thick, pleasant and leafy, with a
creek that is permanent and has abundant water, but there are no
means of taking out the water for irrigating the fields; these fields
are planted in the regular season. The church, although small,
is of adobe, roofed with taxamanil, and on the outside a fence of
wooden stakes that surround everything. The ornaments are good
and well kept, the jewels of the chalice and the rest are very de-
cent and in due form. The houses and dwellings of the ministers
are good, of wood, well constructed, roofed with taxamanil, very
sheltered and surrounded by wooden stakes on all four sides; its
kitchen, its granary, and its quarters for the soldiers. Besides
this it has other separate houses of the same good material, ade-
quate and decent. It has about eighty head of sheep and goats,
about thirty oxen, cows, bulls and calves to the number of fifty;
about twenty five gentle horses; twenty gentle mules, of which ten
are pairs; two droves of mares, each with its stallion; plows, coas,
hoes and other implements used in planting. There is a great
deal of viperine, and Castillian roses in this mission, also peaches,
blackberries, persimmons, many pomegranates and other fruits.
In the administrative books of this mission I found twelve bap-
tisms, eight burials, and five marriages.
The Indians who live near to this mission and can be congre-
gated in it are the Nacogdoches, the Navidachos, the Caddodachos,
the Asinays, and the Nazones. All these Nations are peaceful
Indians, gentle, jovial, except now and then some are bad and per-
verse. They plant a great deal of corn; they have a great many
good horses, and all are armed with guns. They feed on buffalo
flesh, deer, bear-fat for which they go out at the time of killing
and quartering the animals. In securing their supplies they are
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/73/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.