The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932 Page: 70
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
very wise and cunning; when they have to cross a plain, they re-
main within the woods for some time, observing carefully to see
if there is anything unusual, and if not, they cut a big branch
from a tree in order to travel under cover so that those from a dis-
tance may not know that it is a man. In order to spy on the
people who come in or go out of the woods, they climb a large tree
which has a big high top and is near the road; from there they
search out and see everything without being seen. All the In-
dians of this Province of Texas, of all the nations, esteem the
men who are handsome, brave and strong because they appoint
the strongest and most valiant as captains, and they want them
to be the strongest and most valiant. The ills and diseases from
which all the Indians frequently suffer, men as well as women, are
smallpox, measles, typhoid fever, fevers, blisters, onanahuiates,
which makes them horrible to the sight and filthy, as many that
I saw. In short these diseases which are vices of the blood and
are propagated in the blood and frequently suffered, are, I think,
caused and induced by drinking whiskey and sugar cane wine with
the bear grease that is drunk as if it were water because it is
drinkable and does not curdle. They eat many nuts which they
grind in order to keep them, and the fruit of the medlar tree that
is fiery, and other foods and warm drinks. All these cause them
to suffer many blood dysenteries.
The women go through childbirth in this manner: on the bank
of the river or creek where they are living, they make some wig-
wams in which to dwell; in the midst of one they put a low, forked
pole which is strong and well placed in the ground, and in the hour
when they feel the birth pangs they go to that little wigwam and
by helping themselves with the pole, they bring forth the child and
afterwards throw themselves into the water, bathe themselves and
the child, and come as they are to the ranch where all the others
are. All this I have observed in these lands.
I shall now proceed with my journey and my Diary. It is as
On the 20th we left the mission of Nacogdoches. After walking
a little distance we were caught in a big shower; the clouds seemed
to come down to the ground, and it rained so terribly that we could
not continue our journey, so we stopped here.
On the 21st we reached the Angelina River. It was running
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932, periodical, 1932; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/m1/74/: accessed April 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.